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btQuantizedBvh.h

/*
Bullet Continuous Collision Detection and Physics Library
Copyright (c) 2003-2006 Erwin Coumans  http://continuousphysics.com/Bullet/

This software is provided 'as-is', without any express or implied warranty.
In no event will the authors be held liable for any damages arising from the use of this software.
Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any purpose, 
including commercial applications, and to alter it and redistribute it freely, 
subject to the following restrictions:

1. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented; you must not claim that you wrote the original software. If you use this software in a product, an acknowledgment in the product documentation would be appreciated but is not required.
2. Altered source versions must be plainly marked as such, and must not be misrepresented as being the original software.
3. This notice may not be removed or altered from any source distribution.
*/

#ifndef QUANTIZED_BVH_H
#define QUANTIZED_BVH_H

//#define DEBUG_CHECK_DEQUANTIZATION 1
#ifdef DEBUG_CHECK_DEQUANTIZATION
#ifdef __SPU__
#define printf spu_printf
#endif //__SPU__

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#endif //DEBUG_CHECK_DEQUANTIZATION

#include "LinearMath/btVector3.h"
#include "LinearMath/btAlignedAllocator.h"


//http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/vclang/html/vclrf__m128.asp


//Note: currently we have 16 bytes per quantized node
#define MAX_SUBTREE_SIZE_IN_BYTES  2048

// 10 gives the potential for 1024 parts, with at most 2^21 (2097152) (minus one
// actually) triangles each (since the sign bit is reserved
#define MAX_NUM_PARTS_IN_BITS 10

///btQuantizedBvhNode is a compressed aabb node, 16 bytes.
///Node can be used for leafnode or internal node. Leafnodes can point to 32-bit triangle index (non-negative range).
ATTRIBUTE_ALIGNED16     (struct) btQuantizedBvhNode
{
      BT_DECLARE_ALIGNED_ALLOCATOR();

      //12 bytes
      unsigned short int      m_quantizedAabbMin[3];
      unsigned short int      m_quantizedAabbMax[3];
      //4 bytes
      int   m_escapeIndexOrTriangleIndex;

      bool isLeafNode() const
      {
            //skipindex is negative (internal node), triangleindex >=0 (leafnode)
            return (m_escapeIndexOrTriangleIndex >= 0);
      }
      int getEscapeIndex() const
      {
            btAssert(!isLeafNode());
            return -m_escapeIndexOrTriangleIndex;
      }
      int   getTriangleIndex() const
      {
            btAssert(isLeafNode());
            // Get only the lower bits where the triangle index is stored
            return (m_escapeIndexOrTriangleIndex&~((~0)<<(31-MAX_NUM_PARTS_IN_BITS)));
      }
      int   getPartId() const
      {
            btAssert(isLeafNode());
            // Get only the highest bits where the part index is stored
            return (m_escapeIndexOrTriangleIndex>>(31-MAX_NUM_PARTS_IN_BITS));
      }
}
;

/// btOptimizedBvhNode contains both internal and leaf node information.
/// Total node size is 44 bytes / node. You can use the compressed version of 16 bytes.
ATTRIBUTE_ALIGNED16 (struct) btOptimizedBvhNode
{
      BT_DECLARE_ALIGNED_ALLOCATOR();

      //32 bytes
      btVector3   m_aabbMinOrg;
      btVector3   m_aabbMaxOrg;

      //4
      int   m_escapeIndex;

      //8
      //for child nodes
      int   m_subPart;
      int   m_triangleIndex;
      int   m_padding[5];//bad, due to alignment


};


///btBvhSubtreeInfo provides info to gather a subtree of limited size
ATTRIBUTE_ALIGNED16(class) btBvhSubtreeInfo
{
public:
      BT_DECLARE_ALIGNED_ALLOCATOR();

      //12 bytes
      unsigned short int      m_quantizedAabbMin[3];
      unsigned short int      m_quantizedAabbMax[3];
      //4 bytes, points to the root of the subtree
      int               m_rootNodeIndex;
      //4 bytes
      int               m_subtreeSize;
      int               m_padding[3];

      btBvhSubtreeInfo()
      {
            //memset(&m_padding[0], 0, sizeof(m_padding));
      }


      void  setAabbFromQuantizeNode(const btQuantizedBvhNode& quantizedNode)
      {
            m_quantizedAabbMin[0] = quantizedNode.m_quantizedAabbMin[0];
            m_quantizedAabbMin[1] = quantizedNode.m_quantizedAabbMin[1];
            m_quantizedAabbMin[2] = quantizedNode.m_quantizedAabbMin[2];
            m_quantizedAabbMax[0] = quantizedNode.m_quantizedAabbMax[0];
            m_quantizedAabbMax[1] = quantizedNode.m_quantizedAabbMax[1];
            m_quantizedAabbMax[2] = quantizedNode.m_quantizedAabbMax[2];
      }
}
;


class btNodeOverlapCallback
{
public:
      virtual ~btNodeOverlapCallback() {};

      virtual void processNode(int subPart, int triangleIndex) = 0;
};

#include "LinearMath/btAlignedAllocator.h"
#include "LinearMath/btAlignedObjectArray.h"



///for code readability:
typedef btAlignedObjectArray<btOptimizedBvhNode>      NodeArray;
typedef btAlignedObjectArray<btQuantizedBvhNode>      QuantizedNodeArray;
typedef btAlignedObjectArray<btBvhSubtreeInfo>        BvhSubtreeInfoArray;


///The btQuantizedBvh class stores an AABB tree that can be quickly traversed on CPU and Cell SPU.
///It is used by the btBvhTriangleMeshShape as midphase, and by the btMultiSapBroadphase.
///It is recommended to use quantization for better performance and lower memory requirements.
ATTRIBUTE_ALIGNED16(class) btQuantizedBvh
{
public:
      enum btTraversalMode
      {
            TRAVERSAL_STACKLESS = 0,
            TRAVERSAL_STACKLESS_CACHE_FRIENDLY,
            TRAVERSAL_RECURSIVE
      };

protected:


      btVector3               m_bvhAabbMin;
      btVector3               m_bvhAabbMax;
      btVector3               m_bvhQuantization;

      int                           m_bulletVersion;  //for serialization versioning. It could also be used to detect endianess.

      int                           m_curNodeIndex;
      //quantization data
      bool                    m_useQuantization;



      NodeArray               m_leafNodes;
      NodeArray               m_contiguousNodes;
      QuantizedNodeArray      m_quantizedLeafNodes;
      QuantizedNodeArray      m_quantizedContiguousNodes;
      
      btTraversalMode   m_traversalMode;
      BvhSubtreeInfoArray           m_SubtreeHeaders;

      //This is only used for serialization so we don't have to add serialization directly to btAlignedObjectArray
      int m_subtreeHeaderCount;

      



      ///two versions, one for quantized and normal nodes. This allows code-reuse while maintaining readability (no template/macro!)
      ///this might be refactored into a virtual, it is usually not calculated at run-time
      void  setInternalNodeAabbMin(int nodeIndex, const btVector3& aabbMin)
      {
            if (m_useQuantization)
            {
                  quantize(&m_quantizedContiguousNodes[nodeIndex].m_quantizedAabbMin[0] ,aabbMin,0);
            } else
            {
                  m_contiguousNodes[nodeIndex].m_aabbMinOrg = aabbMin;

            }
      }
      void  setInternalNodeAabbMax(int nodeIndex,const btVector3& aabbMax)
      {
            if (m_useQuantization)
            {
                  quantize(&m_quantizedContiguousNodes[nodeIndex].m_quantizedAabbMax[0],aabbMax,1);
            } else
            {
                  m_contiguousNodes[nodeIndex].m_aabbMaxOrg = aabbMax;
            }
      }

      btVector3 getAabbMin(int nodeIndex) const
      {
            if (m_useQuantization)
            {
                  return unQuantize(&m_quantizedLeafNodes[nodeIndex].m_quantizedAabbMin[0]);
            }
            //non-quantized
            return m_leafNodes[nodeIndex].m_aabbMinOrg;

      }
      btVector3 getAabbMax(int nodeIndex) const
      {
            if (m_useQuantization)
            {
                  return unQuantize(&m_quantizedLeafNodes[nodeIndex].m_quantizedAabbMax[0]);
            } 
            //non-quantized
            return m_leafNodes[nodeIndex].m_aabbMaxOrg;
            
      }

      
      void  setInternalNodeEscapeIndex(int nodeIndex, int escapeIndex)
      {
            if (m_useQuantization)
            {
                  m_quantizedContiguousNodes[nodeIndex].m_escapeIndexOrTriangleIndex = -escapeIndex;
            } 
            else
            {
                  m_contiguousNodes[nodeIndex].m_escapeIndex = escapeIndex;
            }

      }

      void mergeInternalNodeAabb(int nodeIndex,const btVector3& newAabbMin,const btVector3& newAabbMax) 
      {
            if (m_useQuantization)
            {
                  unsigned short int quantizedAabbMin[3];
                  unsigned short int quantizedAabbMax[3];
                  quantize(quantizedAabbMin,newAabbMin,0);
                  quantize(quantizedAabbMax,newAabbMax,1);
                  for (int i=0;i<3;i++)
                  {
                        if (m_quantizedContiguousNodes[nodeIndex].m_quantizedAabbMin[i] > quantizedAabbMin[i])
                              m_quantizedContiguousNodes[nodeIndex].m_quantizedAabbMin[i] = quantizedAabbMin[i];

                        if (m_quantizedContiguousNodes[nodeIndex].m_quantizedAabbMax[i] < quantizedAabbMax[i])
                              m_quantizedContiguousNodes[nodeIndex].m_quantizedAabbMax[i] = quantizedAabbMax[i];

                  }
            } else
            {
                  //non-quantized
                  m_contiguousNodes[nodeIndex].m_aabbMinOrg.setMin(newAabbMin);
                  m_contiguousNodes[nodeIndex].m_aabbMaxOrg.setMax(newAabbMax);           
            }
      }

      void  swapLeafNodes(int firstIndex,int secondIndex);

      void  assignInternalNodeFromLeafNode(int internalNode,int leafNodeIndex);

protected:

      

      void  buildTree   (int startIndex,int endIndex);

      int   calcSplittingAxis(int startIndex,int endIndex);

      int   sortAndCalcSplittingIndex(int startIndex,int endIndex,int splitAxis);
      
      void  walkStacklessTree(btNodeOverlapCallback* nodeCallback,const btVector3& aabbMin,const btVector3& aabbMax) const;

      void  walkStacklessQuantizedTreeAgainstRay(btNodeOverlapCallback* nodeCallback, const btVector3& raySource, const btVector3& rayTarget, const btVector3& aabbMin, const btVector3& aabbMax, int startNodeIndex,int endNodeIndex) const;
      void  walkStacklessQuantizedTree(btNodeOverlapCallback* nodeCallback,unsigned short int* quantizedQueryAabbMin,unsigned short int* quantizedQueryAabbMax,int startNodeIndex,int endNodeIndex) const;
      void  walkStacklessTreeAgainstRay(btNodeOverlapCallback* nodeCallback, const btVector3& raySource, const btVector3& rayTarget, const btVector3& aabbMin, const btVector3& aabbMax, int startNodeIndex,int endNodeIndex) const;

      ///tree traversal designed for small-memory processors like PS3 SPU
      void  walkStacklessQuantizedTreeCacheFriendly(btNodeOverlapCallback* nodeCallback,unsigned short int* quantizedQueryAabbMin,unsigned short int* quantizedQueryAabbMax) const;

      ///use the 16-byte stackless 'skipindex' node tree to do a recursive traversal
      void  walkRecursiveQuantizedTreeAgainstQueryAabb(const btQuantizedBvhNode* currentNode,btNodeOverlapCallback* nodeCallback,unsigned short int* quantizedQueryAabbMin,unsigned short int* quantizedQueryAabbMax) const;

      ///use the 16-byte stackless 'skipindex' node tree to do a recursive traversal
      void  walkRecursiveQuantizedTreeAgainstQuantizedTree(const btQuantizedBvhNode* treeNodeA,const btQuantizedBvhNode* treeNodeB,btNodeOverlapCallback* nodeCallback) const;
      



      void  updateSubtreeHeaders(int leftChildNodexIndex,int rightChildNodexIndex);

public:
      
      BT_DECLARE_ALIGNED_ALLOCATOR();

      btQuantizedBvh();

      virtual ~btQuantizedBvh();

      
      ///***************************************** expert/internal use only *************************
      void  setQuantizationValues(const btVector3& bvhAabbMin,const btVector3& bvhAabbMax,btScalar quantizationMargin=btScalar(1.0));
      QuantizedNodeArray&     getLeafNodeArray() {                return      m_quantizedLeafNodes;   }
      ///buildInternal is expert use only: assumes that setQuantizationValues and LeafNodeArray are initialized
      void  buildInternal();
      ///***************************************** expert/internal use only *************************

      void  reportAabbOverlappingNodex(btNodeOverlapCallback* nodeCallback,const btVector3& aabbMin,const btVector3& aabbMax) const;
      void  reportRayOverlappingNodex (btNodeOverlapCallback* nodeCallback, const btVector3& raySource, const btVector3& rayTarget) const;
      void  reportBoxCastOverlappingNodex(btNodeOverlapCallback* nodeCallback, const btVector3& raySource, const btVector3& rayTarget, const btVector3& aabbMin,const btVector3& aabbMax) const;

            SIMD_FORCE_INLINE void quantize(unsigned short* out, const btVector3& point,int isMax) const
      {

            btAssert(m_useQuantization);

            btAssert(point.getX() <= m_bvhAabbMax.getX());
            btAssert(point.getY() <= m_bvhAabbMax.getY());
            btAssert(point.getZ() <= m_bvhAabbMax.getZ());

            btAssert(point.getX() >= m_bvhAabbMin.getX());
            btAssert(point.getY() >= m_bvhAabbMin.getY());
            btAssert(point.getZ() >= m_bvhAabbMin.getZ());

            btVector3 v = (point - m_bvhAabbMin) * m_bvhQuantization;
            ///Make sure rounding is done in a way that unQuantize(quantizeWithClamp(...)) is conservative
            ///end-points always set the first bit, so that they are sorted properly (so that neighbouring AABBs overlap properly)
            ///@todo: double-check this
            if (isMax)
            {
                  out[0] = (unsigned short) (((unsigned short)(v.getX()+btScalar(1.)) | 1));
                  out[1] = (unsigned short) (((unsigned short)(v.getY()+btScalar(1.)) | 1));
                  out[2] = (unsigned short) (((unsigned short)(v.getZ()+btScalar(1.)) | 1));
            } else
            {
                  out[0] = (unsigned short) (((unsigned short)(v.getX()) & 0xfffe));
                  out[1] = (unsigned short) (((unsigned short)(v.getY()) & 0xfffe));
                  out[2] = (unsigned short) (((unsigned short)(v.getZ()) & 0xfffe));
            }


#ifdef DEBUG_CHECK_DEQUANTIZATION
            btVector3 newPoint = unQuantize(out);
            if (isMax)
            {
                  if (newPoint.getX() < point.getX())
                  {
                        printf("unconservative X, diffX = %f, oldX=%f,newX=%f\n",newPoint.getX()-point.getX(), newPoint.getX(),point.getX());
                  }
                  if (newPoint.getY() < point.getY())
                  {
                        printf("unconservative Y, diffY = %f, oldY=%f,newY=%f\n",newPoint.getY()-point.getY(), newPoint.getY(),point.getY());
                  }
                  if (newPoint.getZ() < point.getZ())
                  {

                        printf("unconservative Z, diffZ = %f, oldZ=%f,newZ=%f\n",newPoint.getZ()-point.getZ(), newPoint.getZ(),point.getZ());
                  }
            } else
            {
                  if (newPoint.getX() > point.getX())
                  {
                        printf("unconservative X, diffX = %f, oldX=%f,newX=%f\n",newPoint.getX()-point.getX(), newPoint.getX(),point.getX());
                  }
                  if (newPoint.getY() > point.getY())
                  {
                        printf("unconservative Y, diffY = %f, oldY=%f,newY=%f\n",newPoint.getY()-point.getY(), newPoint.getY(),point.getY());
                  }
                  if (newPoint.getZ() > point.getZ())
                  {
                        printf("unconservative Z, diffZ = %f, oldZ=%f,newZ=%f\n",newPoint.getZ()-point.getZ(), newPoint.getZ(),point.getZ());
                  }
            }
#endif //DEBUG_CHECK_DEQUANTIZATION

      }


      SIMD_FORCE_INLINE void quantizeWithClamp(unsigned short* out, const btVector3& point2,int isMax) const
      {

            btAssert(m_useQuantization);

            btVector3 clampedPoint(point2);
            clampedPoint.setMax(m_bvhAabbMin);
            clampedPoint.setMin(m_bvhAabbMax);

            quantize(out,clampedPoint,isMax);

      }
      
      SIMD_FORCE_INLINE btVector3   unQuantize(const unsigned short* vecIn) const
      {
                  btVector3   vecOut;
                  vecOut.setValue(
                  (btScalar)(vecIn[0]) / (m_bvhQuantization.getX()),
                  (btScalar)(vecIn[1]) / (m_bvhQuantization.getY()),
                  (btScalar)(vecIn[2]) / (m_bvhQuantization.getZ()));
                  vecOut += m_bvhAabbMin;
                  return vecOut;
      }

      ///setTraversalMode let's you choose between stackless, recursive or stackless cache friendly tree traversal. Note this is only implemented for quantized trees.
      void  setTraversalMode(btTraversalMode    traversalMode)
      {
            m_traversalMode = traversalMode;
      }


      SIMD_FORCE_INLINE QuantizedNodeArray&     getQuantizedNodeArray()
      {     
            return      m_quantizedContiguousNodes;
      }


      SIMD_FORCE_INLINE BvhSubtreeInfoArray&    getSubtreeInfoArray()
      {
            return m_SubtreeHeaders;
      }


      /////Calculate space needed to store BVH for serialization
      unsigned calculateSerializeBufferSize();

      /// Data buffer MUST be 16 byte aligned
      virtual bool serialize(void *o_alignedDataBuffer, unsigned i_dataBufferSize, bool i_swapEndian);

      ///deSerializeInPlace loads and initializes a BVH from a buffer in memory 'in place'
      static btQuantizedBvh *deSerializeInPlace(void *i_alignedDataBuffer, unsigned int i_dataBufferSize, bool i_swapEndian);

      static unsigned int getAlignmentSerializationPadding();

      SIMD_FORCE_INLINE bool isQuantized()
      {
            return m_useQuantization;
      }

private:
      // Special "copy" constructor that allows for in-place deserialization
      // Prevents btVector3's default constructor from being called, but doesn't inialize much else
      // ownsMemory should most likely be false if deserializing, and if you are not, don't call this (it also changes the function signature, which we need)
      btQuantizedBvh(btQuantizedBvh &other, bool ownsMemory);

}
;


#endif //QUANTIZED_BVH_H

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