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x11.cpp

/*************************************************************************
 *                                                                       *
 * Open Dynamics Engine, Copyright (C) 2001,2002 Russell L. Smith.       *
 * All rights reserved.  Email: russ@q12.org   Web: www.q12.org          *
 *                                                                       *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or         *
 * modify it under the terms of EITHER:                                  *
 *   (1) The GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free  *
 *       Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or (at  *
 *       your option) any later version. The text of the GNU Lesser      *
 *       General Public License is included with this library in the     *
 *       file LICENSE.TXT.                                               *
 *   (2) The BSD-style license that is included with this library in     *
 *       the file LICENSE-BSD.TXT.                                       *
 *                                                                       *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,       *
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of        *
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the files    *
 * LICENSE.TXT and LICENSE-BSD.TXT for more details.                     *
 *                                                                       *
 *************************************************************************/

// main window and event handling for X11

#include <ode/config.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <X11/Xlib.h>
#include <X11/Xatom.h>
#include <X11/keysym.h>
#include <GL/glx.h>

#include <drawstuff/drawstuff.h>
#include <drawstuff/version.h>
#include "internal.h"

//***************************************************************************
// error handling for unix

static void printMessage (char *msg1, char *msg2, va_list ap)
{
  fflush (stderr);
  fflush (stdout);
  fprintf (stderr,"\n%s: ",msg1);
  vfprintf (stderr,msg2,ap);
  fprintf (stderr,"\n");
  fflush (stderr);
}


extern "C" void dsError (char *msg, ...)
{
  va_list ap;
  va_start (ap,msg);
  printMessage ("Error",msg,ap);
  exit (1);
}


extern "C" void dsDebug (char *msg, ...)
{
  va_list ap;
  va_start (ap,msg);
  printMessage ("INTERNAL ERROR",msg,ap);
  // *((char *)0) = 0;   ... commit SEGVicide ?
  abort();
}


extern "C" void dsPrint (char *msg, ...)
{
  va_list ap;
  va_start (ap,msg);
  vprintf (msg,ap);
}

//***************************************************************************
// openGL window

// X11 display info
static Display *display=0;
static int screen=0;
static XVisualInfo *visual=0;       // best visual for openGL
static Colormap colormap=0;         // window's colormap
static Atom wm_protocols_atom = 0;
static Atom wm_delete_window_atom = 0;

// window and openGL
static Window win=0;                // X11 window, 0 if not initialized
static int width=0,height=0;        // window size
static GLXContext glx_context=0;    // openGL rendering context
static int last_key_pressed=0;            // last key pressed in the window
static int run=1;             // 1 if simulation running
static int pause=0;                 // 1 if in `pause' mode
static int singlestep=0;            // 1 if single step key pressed
static int writeframes=0;           // 1 if frame files to be written


static void createMainWindow (int _width, int _height)
{
  // create X11 display connection
  display = XOpenDisplay (0);
  if (!display) dsError (0,"can not open X11 display");
  screen = DefaultScreen(display);

  // get GL visual
  static int attribList[] = {GLX_RGBA, GLX_DOUBLEBUFFER, GLX_DEPTH_SIZE,16,
                       GLX_RED_SIZE,4, GLX_GREEN_SIZE,4,
                       GLX_BLUE_SIZE,4, None};
  visual = glXChooseVisual (display,screen,attribList);
  if (!visual) dsError ("no good X11 visual found for OpenGL");

  // create colormap
  colormap = XCreateColormap (display,RootWindow(display,screen),
                        visual->visual,AllocNone);

  // initialize variables
  win = 0;
  width = _width;
  height = _height;
  glx_context = 0;
  last_key_pressed = 0;

  if (width < 1 || height < 1) dsDebug (0,"bad window width or height");

  // create the window
  XSetWindowAttributes attributes;
  attributes.background_pixel = BlackPixel(display,screen);
  attributes.colormap = colormap;
  attributes.event_mask = ButtonPressMask | ButtonReleaseMask |
    KeyPressMask | KeyReleaseMask | ButtonMotionMask | PointerMotionHintMask |
    StructureNotifyMask;
  win = XCreateWindow (display,RootWindow(display,screen),50,50,width,height,
                   0,visual->depth, InputOutput,visual->visual,
                   CWBackPixel | CWColormap | CWEventMask,&attributes);

  // associate a GLX context with the window
  glx_context = glXCreateContext (display,visual,0,GL_TRUE);
  if (!glx_context) dsError ("can't make an OpenGL context");

  // set the window title
  XTextProperty window_name;
  window_name.value = (unsigned char *) "Simulation";
  window_name.encoding = XA_STRING;
  window_name.format = 8;
  window_name.nitems = strlen((char *) window_name.value);
  XSetWMName (display,win,&window_name);

  // participate in the window manager 'delete yourself' protocol
  wm_protocols_atom = XInternAtom (display,"WM_PROTOCOLS",False);
  wm_delete_window_atom = XInternAtom (display,"WM_DELETE_WINDOW",False);
  if (XSetWMProtocols (display,win,&wm_delete_window_atom,1)==0)
    dsError ("XSetWMProtocols() call failed");

  // pop up the window
  XMapWindow (display,win);
  XSync (display,win);
}


static void destroyMainWindow()
{
  glXDestroyContext (display,glx_context);
  XDestroyWindow (display,win);
  XSync (display,0);
  display = 0;
  win = 0;
  glx_context = 0;
}


static void handleEvent (XEvent &event, dsFunctions *fn)
{
  static int mx=0,my=0;       // mouse position
  static int mode = 0;        // mouse button bits

  switch (event.type) {

  case ButtonPress: {
    if (event.xbutton.button == Button1) mode |= 1;
    if (event.xbutton.button == Button2) mode |= 2;
    if (event.xbutton.button == Button3) mode |= 4;
    mx = event.xbutton.x;
    my = event.xbutton.y;
  }
  return;

  case ButtonRelease: {
    if (event.xbutton.button == Button1) mode &= (~1);
    if (event.xbutton.button == Button2) mode &= (~2);
    if (event.xbutton.button == Button3) mode &= (~4);
    mx = event.xbutton.x;
    my = event.xbutton.x;
  }
  return;

  case MotionNotify: {
    if (event.xmotion.is_hint) {
      Window root,child;
      unsigned int mask;
      XQueryPointer (display,win,&root,&child,&event.xbutton.x_root,
                 &event.xbutton.y_root,&event.xbutton.x,&event.xbutton.y,
                 &mask);
    }
    dsMotion (mode, event.xmotion.x - mx, event.xmotion.y - my);
    mx = event.xmotion.x;
    my = event.xmotion.y;
  }
  return;

  case KeyPress: {
    KeySym key;
    XLookupString (&event.xkey,NULL,0,&key,0);
    if ((event.xkey.state & ControlMask) == 0) {
      if (key >= ' ' && key <= 126 && fn->command) fn->command (key);
    }
    else if (event.xkey.state & ControlMask) {
      switch (key) {
      case 't': case 'T':
      dsSetTextures (dsGetTextures() ^ 1);
      break;
      case 's': case 'S':
      dsSetShadows (dsGetShadows() ^ 1);
      break;
      case 'x': case 'X':
      run = 0;
      break;
      case 'p': case 'P':
      pause ^= 1;
      singlestep = 0;
      break;
      case 'o': case 'O':
      if (pause) singlestep = 1;
      break;
      case 'v': case 'V': {
      float xyz[3],hpr[3];
      dsGetViewpoint (xyz,hpr);
      printf ("Viewpoint = (%.4f,%.4f,%.4f,%.4f,%.4f,%.4f)\n",
            xyz[0],xyz[1],xyz[2],hpr[0],hpr[1],hpr[2]);
      break;
      }
      case 'w': case 'W':
      writeframes ^= 1;
      if (writeframes) printf ("Now writing frames to PPM files\n");
      break;
      }
    }
    last_key_pressed = key;         // a kludgy place to put this...
  }
  return;

  case KeyRelease: {
    // hmmmm...
  }
  return;

  case ClientMessage:
    if (event.xclient.message_type == wm_protocols_atom &&
      event.xclient.format == 32 &&
      Atom(event.xclient.data.l[0]) == wm_delete_window_atom) {
      run = 0;
      return;
    }
    return;

  case ConfigureNotify:
    width = event.xconfigure.width;
    height = event.xconfigure.height;
    return;
  }
}


// return the index of the highest bit
static int getHighBitIndex (unsigned int x)
{
  int i = 0;
  while (x) {
    i++;
    x >>= 1;
  }
  return i-1;
}


// shift x left by i, where i can be positive or negative
#define SHIFTL(x,i) (((i) >= 0) ? ((x) << (i)) : ((x) >> (-i)))


static void captureFrame (int num)
{
  fprintf (stderr,"capturing frame %04d\n",num);

  char s[100];
  sprintf (s,"frame/frame%04d.ppm",num);
  FILE *f = fopen (s,"wb");
  if (!f) dsError ("can't open \"%s\" for writing",s);
  fprintf (f,"P6\n%d %d\n255\n",width,height);
  XImage *image = XGetImage (display,win,0,0,width,height,~0,ZPixmap);

  int rshift = 7 - getHighBitIndex (image->red_mask);
  int gshift = 7 - getHighBitIndex (image->green_mask);
  int bshift = 7 - getHighBitIndex (image->blue_mask);

  for (int y=0; y<height; y++) {
    for (int x=0; x<width; x++) {
      unsigned long pixel = XGetPixel (image,x,y);
      unsigned char b[3];
      b[0] = SHIFTL(pixel & image->red_mask,rshift);
      b[1] = SHIFTL(pixel & image->green_mask,gshift);
      b[2] = SHIFTL(pixel & image->blue_mask,bshift);
      fwrite (b,3,1,f);
    }
  }
  fclose (f);
  XDestroyImage (image);
}


void dsPlatformSimLoop (int window_width, int window_height, dsFunctions *fn,
                  int initial_pause)
{
  pause = initial_pause;
  createMainWindow (window_width, window_height);
  glXMakeCurrent (display,win,glx_context);

  dsStartGraphics (window_width,window_height,fn);

  fprintf (stderr,
         "\n"
         "Simulation test environment v%d.%02d\n"
         "   Ctrl-P : pause / unpause (or say `-pause' on command line).\n"
         "   Ctrl-O : single step when paused.\n"
         "   Ctrl-T : toggle textures (or say `-notex' on command line).\n"
         "   Ctrl-S : toggle shadows (or say `-noshadow' on command line).\n"
         "   Ctrl-V : print current viewpoint coordinates (x,y,z,h,p,r).\n"
         "   Ctrl-W : write frames to ppm files: frame/frameNNN.ppm\n"
         "   Ctrl-X : exit.\n"
         "\n"
         "Change the camera position by clicking + dragging in the window.\n"
         "   Left button - pan and tilt.\n"
         "   Right button - forward and sideways.\n"
         "   Left + Right button (or middle button) - sideways and up.\n"
         "\n",DS_VERSION >> 8,DS_VERSION & 0xff);

  if (fn->start) fn->start();

  int frame = 1;
  run = 1;
  while (run) {
    // read in and process all pending events for the main window
    XEvent event;
    while (run && XPending (display)) {
      XNextEvent (display,&event);
      handleEvent (event,fn);
    }

    dsDrawFrame (width,height,fn,pause && !singlestep);
    singlestep = 0;

    glFlush();
    glXSwapBuffers (display,win);
    XSync (display,0);

    // capture frames if necessary
    if (pause==0 && writeframes) {
      captureFrame (frame);
      frame++;
    }
  };

  if (fn->stop) fn->stop();
  dsStopGraphics();

  destroyMainWindow();
}


extern "C" void dsStop()
{
  run = 0;
}

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