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eval.c

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/*
 * simple arithmetic expression evaluator
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2002 Michael Niedermayer <michaelni@gmx.at>
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
 *
 */

/**
 * @file eval.c
 * simple arithmetic expression evaluator.
 *
 * see http://joe.hotchkiss.com/programming/eval/eval.html
 */

#include "avcodec.h"
#include "mpegvideo.h"

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <math.h>

#ifndef NAN
  #define NAN 0
#endif

#ifndef M_PI
#define M_PI 3.14159265358979323846
#endif

typedef struct Parser{
    int stack_index;
    char *s;
    double *const_value;
    const char **const_name;          // NULL terminated
    double (**func1)(void *, double a); // NULL terminated
    const char **func1_name;          // NULL terminated
    double (**func2)(void *, double a, double b); // NULL terminated
    char **func2_name;          // NULL terminated
    void *opaque;
} Parser;

static double evalExpression(Parser *p);

static int strmatch(const char *s, const char *prefix){
    int i;
    for(i=0; prefix[i]; i++){
        if(prefix[i] != s[i]) return 0;
    }
    return 1;
}

static double evalPrimary(Parser *p){
    double d, d2=NAN;
    char *next= p->s;
    int i;

    /* number */
    d= strtod(p->s, &next);
    if(next != p->s){
        p->s= next;
        return d;
    }

    /* named constants */
    for(i=0; p->const_name && p->const_name[i]; i++){
        if(strmatch(p->s, p->const_name[i])){
            p->s+= strlen(p->const_name[i]);
            return p->const_value[i];
        }
    }

    p->s= strchr(p->s, '(');
    if(p->s==NULL){
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Parser: missing ( in \"%s\"\n", next);
        return NAN;
    }
    p->s++; // "("
    d= evalExpression(p);
    if(p->s[0]== ','){
        p->s++; // ","
        d2= evalExpression(p);
    }
    if(p->s[0] != ')'){
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Parser: missing ) in \"%s\"\n", next);
        return NAN;
    }
    p->s++; // ")"

         if( strmatch(next, "sinh"  ) ) d= sinh(d);
    else if( strmatch(next, "cosh"  ) ) d= cosh(d);
    else if( strmatch(next, "tanh"  ) ) d= tanh(d);
    else if( strmatch(next, "sin"   ) ) d= sin(d);
    else if( strmatch(next, "cos"   ) ) d= cos(d);
    else if( strmatch(next, "tan"   ) ) d= tan(d);
    else if( strmatch(next, "exp"   ) ) d= exp(d);
    else if( strmatch(next, "log"   ) ) d= log(d);
    else if( strmatch(next, "squish") ) d= 1/(1+exp(4*d));
    else if( strmatch(next, "gauss" ) ) d= exp(-d*d/2)/sqrt(2*M_PI);
    else if( strmatch(next, "abs"   ) ) d= fabs(d);
    else if( strmatch(next, "max"   ) ) d= d > d2 ? d : d2;
    else if( strmatch(next, "min"   ) ) d= d < d2 ? d : d2;
    else if( strmatch(next, "gt"    ) ) d= d > d2 ? 1.0 : 0.0;
    else if( strmatch(next, "gte"    ) ) d= d >= d2 ? 1.0 : 0.0;
    else if( strmatch(next, "lt"    ) ) d= d > d2 ? 0.0 : 1.0;
    else if( strmatch(next, "lte"    ) ) d= d >= d2 ? 0.0 : 1.0;
    else if( strmatch(next, "eq"    ) ) d= d == d2 ? 1.0 : 0.0;
    else if( strmatch(next, "("     ) ) d= d;
//    else if( strmatch(next, "l1"    ) ) d= 1 + d2*(d - 1);
//    else if( strmatch(next, "sq01"  ) ) d= (d >= 0.0 && d <=1.0) ? 1.0 : 0.0;
    else{
        for(i=0; p->func1_name && p->func1_name[i]; i++){
            if(strmatch(next, p->func1_name[i])){
                return p->func1[i](p->opaque, d);
            }
        }

        for(i=0; p->func2_name && p->func2_name[i]; i++){
            if(strmatch(next, p->func2_name[i])){
                return p->func2[i](p->opaque, d, d2);
            }
        }

        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Parser: unknown function in \"%s\"\n", next);
        return NAN;
    }

    return d;
}

static double evalPow(Parser *p){
    int sign= (*p->s == '+') - (*p->s == '-');
    p->s += sign&1;
    return (sign|1) * evalPrimary(p);
}

static double evalFactor(Parser *p){
    double ret= evalPow(p);
    while(p->s[0]=='^'){
        p->s++;
        ret= pow(ret, evalPow(p));
    }
    return ret;
}

static double evalTerm(Parser *p){
    double ret= evalFactor(p);
    while(p->s[0]=='*' || p->s[0]=='/'){
        if(*p->s++ == '*') ret*= evalFactor(p);
        else               ret/= evalFactor(p);
    }
    return ret;
}

static double evalExpression(Parser *p){
    double ret= 0;

    if(p->stack_index <= 0) //protect against stack overflows
        return NAN;
    p->stack_index--;

    do{
        ret += evalTerm(p);
    }while(*p->s == '+' || *p->s == '-');

    p->stack_index++;

    return ret;
}

double ff_eval(char *s, double *const_value, const char **const_name,
               double (**func1)(void *, double), const char **func1_name,
               double (**func2)(void *, double, double), char **func2_name,
               void *opaque){
    Parser p;

    p.stack_index=100;
    p.s= s;
    p.const_value= const_value;
    p.const_name = const_name;
    p.func1      = func1;
    p.func1_name = func1_name;
    p.func2      = func2;
    p.func2_name = func2_name;
    p.opaque     = opaque;

    return evalExpression(&p);
}

#ifdef TEST
#undef printf
static double const_values[]={
    M_PI,
    M_E,
    0
};
static const char *const_names[]={
    "PI",
    "E",
    0
};
main(){
    int i;
    printf("%f == 12.7\n", ff_eval("1+(5-2)^(3-1)+1/2+sin(PI)-max(-2.2,-3.1)", const_values, const_names, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL));

    for(i=0; i<1050; i++){
        START_TIMER
            ff_eval("1+(5-2)^(3-1)+1/2+sin(PI)-max(-2.2,-3.1)", const_values, const_names, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL);
        STOP_TIMER("ff_eval")
    }
}
#endif

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