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rtp.c

/*
 * RTP input/output format
 * Copyright (c) 2002 Fabrice Bellard.
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
 */
#include "avformat.h"
#include "mpegts.h"
#include "bitstream.h"

#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#ifndef __BEOS__
# include <arpa/inet.h>
#else
# include "barpainet.h"
#endif
#include <netdb.h>

//#define DEBUG


/* TODO: - add RTCP statistics reporting (should be optional).

         - add support for h263/mpeg4 packetized output : IDEA: send a
         buffer to 'rtp_write_packet' contains all the packets for ONE
         frame. Each packet should have a four byte header containing
         the length in big endian format (same trick as
         'url_open_dyn_packet_buf')
*/

/* from http://www.iana.org/assignments/rtp-parameters last updated 05 January 2005 */
AVRtpPayloadType_t AVRtpPayloadTypes[]=
{
  {0, "PCMU",        CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_PCM_MULAW, 8000, 1},
  {1, "Reserved",    CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {2, "Reserved",    CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {3, "GSM",         CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, 8000, 1},
  {4, "G723",        CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, 8000, 1},
  {5, "DVI4",        CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, 8000, 1},
  {6, "DVI4",        CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, 16000, 1},
  {7, "LPC",         CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, 8000, 1},
  {8, "PCMA",        CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_PCM_ALAW, 8000, 1},
  {9, "G722",        CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, 8000, 1},
  {10, "L16",        CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_PCM_S16BE, 44100, 2},
  {11, "L16",        CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_PCM_S16BE, 44100, 1},
  {12, "QCELP",      CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, 8000, 1},
  {13, "CN",         CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, 8000, 1},
  {14, "MPA",        CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_MP2, 90000, -1},
  {15, "G728",       CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, 8000, 1},
  {16, "DVI4",       CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, 11025, 1},
  {17, "DVI4",       CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, 22050, 1},
  {18, "G729",       CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, 8000, 1},
  {19, "reserved",   CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {20, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {21, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {22, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {23, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {24, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {25, "CelB",       CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, 90000, -1},
  {26, "JPEG",       CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO,   CODEC_ID_MJPEG, 90000, -1},
  {27, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {28, "nv",         CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, 90000, -1},
  {29, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {30, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO,   CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {31, "H261",       CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO,   CODEC_ID_H261, 90000, -1},
  {32, "MPV",        CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO,   CODEC_ID_MPEG1VIDEO, 90000, -1},
  {33, "MP2T",       CODEC_TYPE_DATA,    CODEC_ID_MPEG2TS, 90000, -1},
  {34, "H263",       CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO,   CODEC_ID_H263, 90000, -1},
  {35, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {36, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {37, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {38, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {39, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {40, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {41, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {42, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {43, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {44, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {45, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {46, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {47, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {48, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {49, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {50, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {51, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {52, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {53, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {54, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {55, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {56, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {57, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {58, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {59, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {60, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {61, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {62, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {63, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {64, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {65, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {66, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {67, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {68, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {69, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {70, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {71, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {72, "reserved for RTCP conflict avoidance", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {73, "reserved for RTCP conflict avoidance", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {74, "reserved for RTCP conflict avoidance", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {75, "reserved for RTCP conflict avoidance", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {76, "reserved for RTCP conflict avoidance", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {77, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {78, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {79, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {80, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {81, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {82, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {83, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {84, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {85, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {86, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {87, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {88, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {89, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {90, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {91, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {92, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {93, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {94, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {95, "unassigned", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {96, "dynamic",    CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {97, "dynamic",    CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {98, "dynamic",    CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {99, "dynamic",    CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {100, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {101, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {102, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {103, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {104, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {105, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {106, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {107, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {108, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {109, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {110, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {111, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {112, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {113, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {114, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {115, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {116, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {117, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {118, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {119, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {120, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {121, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {122, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {123, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {124, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {125, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {126, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {127, "dynamic",   CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1},
  {-1, "",           CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE, -1, -1}
};

AVRtpDynamicPayloadType_t AVRtpDynamicPayloadTypes[]=
{
    {"MP4V-ES", CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO, CODEC_ID_MPEG4},
    {"mpeg4-generic", CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO, CODEC_ID_MPEG4AAC},
    {"", CODEC_TYPE_UNKNOWN, CODEC_ID_NONE}
};

struct RTPDemuxContext {
    AVFormatContext *ic;
    AVStream *st;
    int payload_type;
    uint32_t ssrc;
    uint16_t seq;
    uint32_t timestamp;
    uint32_t base_timestamp;
    uint32_t cur_timestamp;
    int max_payload_size;
    MpegTSContext *ts; /* only used for MP2T payloads */
    int read_buf_index;
    int read_buf_size;

    /* rtcp sender statistics receive */
    int64_t last_rtcp_ntp_time;
    int64_t first_rtcp_ntp_time;
    uint32_t last_rtcp_timestamp;
    /* rtcp sender statistics */
    unsigned int packet_count;
    unsigned int octet_count;
    unsigned int last_octet_count;
    int first_packet;
    /* buffer for output */
    uint8_t buf[RTP_MAX_PACKET_LENGTH];
    uint8_t *buf_ptr;
    /* special infos for au headers parsing */
    rtp_payload_data_t *rtp_payload_data;
};

int rtp_get_codec_info(AVCodecContext *codec, int payload_type)
{
    if (AVRtpPayloadTypes[payload_type].codec_id != CODEC_ID_NONE) {
        codec->codec_type = AVRtpPayloadTypes[payload_type].codec_type;
        codec->codec_id = AVRtpPayloadTypes[payload_type].codec_type;
        if (AVRtpPayloadTypes[payload_type].audio_channels > 0)
            codec->channels = AVRtpPayloadTypes[payload_type].audio_channels;
        if (AVRtpPayloadTypes[payload_type].clock_rate > 0)
            codec->sample_rate = AVRtpPayloadTypes[payload_type].clock_rate;
        return 0;
    }
    return -1;
}

/* return < 0 if unknown payload type */
int rtp_get_payload_type(AVCodecContext *codec)
{
    int i, payload_type;

    /* compute the payload type */
    for (payload_type = -1, i = 0; AVRtpPayloadTypes[i].pt >= 0; ++i)
        if (AVRtpPayloadTypes[i].codec_id == codec->codec_id) {
            if (codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_PCM_S16BE)
                if (codec->channels != AVRtpPayloadTypes[i].audio_channels)
                    continue;
            payload_type = AVRtpPayloadTypes[i].pt;
        }
    return payload_type;
}

static inline uint32_t decode_be32(const uint8_t *p)
{
    return (p[0] << 24) | (p[1] << 16) | (p[2] << 8) | p[3];
}

static inline uint64_t decode_be64(const uint8_t *p)
{
    return ((uint64_t)decode_be32(p) << 32) | decode_be32(p + 4);
}

static int rtcp_parse_packet(RTPDemuxContext *s, const unsigned char *buf, int len)
{
    if (buf[1] != 200)
        return -1;
    s->last_rtcp_ntp_time = decode_be64(buf + 8);
    if (s->first_rtcp_ntp_time == AV_NOPTS_VALUE)
        s->first_rtcp_ntp_time = s->last_rtcp_ntp_time;
    s->last_rtcp_timestamp = decode_be32(buf + 16);
    return 0;
}

/**
 * open a new RTP parse context for stream 'st'. 'st' can be NULL for
 * MPEG2TS streams to indicate that they should be demuxed inside the
 * rtp demux (otherwise CODEC_ID_MPEG2TS packets are returned)
 */
RTPDemuxContext *rtp_parse_open(AVFormatContext *s1, AVStream *st, int payload_type, rtp_payload_data_t *rtp_payload_data)
{
    RTPDemuxContext *s;

    s = av_mallocz(sizeof(RTPDemuxContext));
    if (!s)
        return NULL;
    s->payload_type = payload_type;
    s->last_rtcp_ntp_time = AV_NOPTS_VALUE;
    s->first_rtcp_ntp_time = AV_NOPTS_VALUE;
    s->ic = s1;
    s->st = st;
    s->rtp_payload_data = rtp_payload_data;
    if (!strcmp(AVRtpPayloadTypes[payload_type].enc_name, "MP2T")) {
        s->ts = mpegts_parse_open(s->ic);
        if (s->ts == NULL) {
            av_free(s);
            return NULL;
        }
    } else {
        switch(st->codec->codec_id) {
        case CODEC_ID_MPEG1VIDEO:
        case CODEC_ID_MPEG2VIDEO:
        case CODEC_ID_MP2:
        case CODEC_ID_MP3:
        case CODEC_ID_MPEG4:
            st->need_parsing = 1;
            break;
        default:
            break;
        }
    }
    return s;
}

static int rtp_parse_mp4_au(RTPDemuxContext *s, const uint8_t *buf)
{
    int au_headers_length, au_header_size, i;
    GetBitContext getbitcontext;
    rtp_payload_data_t *infos;

    infos = s->rtp_payload_data;

    if (infos == NULL)
        return -1;

    /* decode the first 2 bytes where are stored the AUHeader sections
       length in bits */
    au_headers_length = BE_16(buf);

    if (au_headers_length > RTP_MAX_PACKET_LENGTH)
      return -1;

    infos->au_headers_length_bytes = (au_headers_length + 7) / 8;

    /* skip AU headers length section (2 bytes) */
    buf += 2;

    init_get_bits(&getbitcontext, buf, infos->au_headers_length_bytes * 8);

    /* XXX: Wrong if optionnal additional sections are present (cts, dts etc...) */
    au_header_size = infos->sizelength + infos->indexlength;
    if (au_header_size <= 0 || (au_headers_length % au_header_size != 0))
        return -1;

    infos->nb_au_headers = au_headers_length / au_header_size;
    infos->au_headers = av_malloc(sizeof(struct AUHeaders) * infos->nb_au_headers);

    /* XXX: We handle multiple AU Section as only one (need to fix this for interleaving)
       In my test, the faad decoder doesnt behave correctly when sending each AU one by one
       but does when sending the whole as one big packet...  */
    infos->au_headers[0].size = 0;
    infos->au_headers[0].index = 0;
    for (i = 0; i < infos->nb_au_headers; ++i) {
        infos->au_headers[0].size += get_bits_long(&getbitcontext, infos->sizelength);
        infos->au_headers[0].index = get_bits_long(&getbitcontext, infos->indexlength);
    }

    infos->nb_au_headers = 1;

    return 0;
}

/**
 * Parse an RTP or RTCP packet directly sent as a buffer.
 * @param s RTP parse context.
 * @param pkt returned packet
 * @param buf input buffer or NULL to read the next packets
 * @param len buffer len
 * @return 0 if a packet is returned, 1 if a packet is returned and more can follow
 * (use buf as NULL to read the next). -1 if no packet (error or no more packet).
 */
int rtp_parse_packet(RTPDemuxContext *s, AVPacket *pkt,
                     const uint8_t *buf, int len)
{
    unsigned int ssrc, h;
    int payload_type, seq, delta_timestamp, ret;
    AVStream *st;
    uint32_t timestamp;

    if (!buf) {
        /* return the next packets, if any */
        if (s->read_buf_index >= s->read_buf_size)
            return -1;
        ret = mpegts_parse_packet(s->ts, pkt, s->buf + s->read_buf_index,
                                  s->read_buf_size - s->read_buf_index);
        if (ret < 0)
            return -1;
        s->read_buf_index += ret;
        if (s->read_buf_index < s->read_buf_size)
            return 1;
        else
            return 0;
    }

    if (len < 12)
        return -1;

    if ((buf[0] & 0xc0) != (RTP_VERSION << 6))
        return -1;
    if (buf[1] >= 200 && buf[1] <= 204) {
        rtcp_parse_packet(s, buf, len);
        return -1;
    }
    payload_type = buf[1] & 0x7f;
    seq  = (buf[2] << 8) | buf[3];
    timestamp = decode_be32(buf + 4);
    ssrc = decode_be32(buf + 8);

    /* NOTE: we can handle only one payload type */
    if (s->payload_type != payload_type)
        return -1;

    st = s->st;
#if defined(DEBUG) || 1
    if (seq != ((s->seq + 1) & 0xffff)) {
        av_log(st?st->codec:NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "RTP: PT=%02x: bad cseq %04x expected=%04x\n",
               payload_type, seq, ((s->seq + 1) & 0xffff));
    }
#endif
    s->seq = seq;
    len -= 12;
    buf += 12;

    if (!st) {
        /* specific MPEG2TS demux support */
        ret = mpegts_parse_packet(s->ts, pkt, buf, len);
        if (ret < 0)
            return -1;
        if (ret < len) {
            s->read_buf_size = len - ret;
            memcpy(s->buf, buf + ret, s->read_buf_size);
            s->read_buf_index = 0;
            return 1;
        }
    } else {
        switch(st->codec->codec_id) {
        case CODEC_ID_MP2:
            /* better than nothing: skip mpeg audio RTP header */
            if (len <= 4)
                return -1;
            h = decode_be32(buf);
            len -= 4;
            buf += 4;
            av_new_packet(pkt, len);
            memcpy(pkt->data, buf, len);
            break;
        case CODEC_ID_MPEG1VIDEO:
            /* better than nothing: skip mpeg video RTP header */
            if (len <= 4)
                return -1;
            h = decode_be32(buf);
            buf += 4;
            len -= 4;
            if (h & (1 << 26)) {
                /* mpeg2 */
                if (len <= 4)
                    return -1;
                buf += 4;
                len -= 4;
            }
            av_new_packet(pkt, len);
            memcpy(pkt->data, buf, len);
            break;
        default:
            av_new_packet(pkt, len);
            memcpy(pkt->data, buf, len);
            break;
        }

        switch(st->codec->codec_id) {
        case CODEC_ID_MP2:
        case CODEC_ID_MPEG1VIDEO:
            if (s->last_rtcp_ntp_time != AV_NOPTS_VALUE) {
                int64_t addend;
                /* XXX: is it really necessary to unify the timestamp base ? */
                /* compute pts from timestamp with received ntp_time */
                delta_timestamp = timestamp - s->last_rtcp_timestamp;
                /* convert to 90 kHz without overflow */
                addend = (s->last_rtcp_ntp_time - s->first_rtcp_ntp_time) >> 14;
                addend = (addend * 5625) >> 14;
                pkt->pts = addend + delta_timestamp;
            }
            break;
        case CODEC_ID_MPEG4:
            pkt->pts = timestamp;
            break;
        case CODEC_ID_MPEG4AAC:
            if (rtp_parse_mp4_au(s, buf))
              return -1;
            {
            rtp_payload_data_t *infos = s->rtp_payload_data;
            if (infos == NULL)
                return -1;
            buf += infos->au_headers_length_bytes + 2;
            len -= infos->au_headers_length_bytes + 2;

            /* XXX: Fixme we only handle the case where rtp_parse_mp4_au define
               one au_header */
            av_new_packet(pkt, infos->au_headers[0].size);
            memcpy(pkt->data, buf, infos->au_headers[0].size);
            buf += infos->au_headers[0].size;
            len -= infos->au_headers[0].size;
            }
            s->read_buf_size = len;
            s->buf_ptr = (char *)buf;
            pkt->stream_index = s->st->index;
            return 0;
        default:
            /* no timestamp info yet */
            break;
        }
        pkt->stream_index = s->st->index;
    }
    return 0;
}

void rtp_parse_close(RTPDemuxContext *s)
{
    if (!strcmp(AVRtpPayloadTypes[s->payload_type].enc_name, "MP2T")) {
        mpegts_parse_close(s->ts);
    }
    av_free(s);
}

/* rtp output */

static int rtp_write_header(AVFormatContext *s1)
{
    RTPDemuxContext *s = s1->priv_data;
    int payload_type, max_packet_size, n;
    AVStream *st;

    if (s1->nb_streams != 1)
        return -1;
    st = s1->streams[0];

    payload_type = rtp_get_payload_type(st->codec);
    if (payload_type < 0)
        payload_type = RTP_PT_PRIVATE; /* private payload type */
    s->payload_type = payload_type;

// following 2 FIXMies could be set based on the current time, theres normaly no info leak, as rtp will likely be transmitted immedeatly
    s->base_timestamp = 0; /* FIXME: was random(), what should this be? */
    s->timestamp = s->base_timestamp;
    s->ssrc = 0; /* FIXME: was random(), what should this be? */
    s->first_packet = 1;

    max_packet_size = url_fget_max_packet_size(&s1->pb);
    if (max_packet_size <= 12)
        return AVERROR_IO;
    s->max_payload_size = max_packet_size - 12;

    switch(st->codec->codec_id) {
    case CODEC_ID_MP2:
    case CODEC_ID_MP3:
        s->buf_ptr = s->buf + 4;
        s->cur_timestamp = 0;
        break;
    case CODEC_ID_MPEG1VIDEO:
        s->cur_timestamp = 0;
        break;
    case CODEC_ID_MPEG2TS:
        n = s->max_payload_size / TS_PACKET_SIZE;
        if (n < 1)
            n = 1;
        s->max_payload_size = n * TS_PACKET_SIZE;
        s->buf_ptr = s->buf;
        break;
    default:
        s->buf_ptr = s->buf;
        break;
    }

    return 0;
}

/* send an rtcp sender report packet */
static void rtcp_send_sr(AVFormatContext *s1, int64_t ntp_time)
{
    RTPDemuxContext *s = s1->priv_data;
#if defined(DEBUG)
    printf("RTCP: %02x %Lx %x\n", s->payload_type, ntp_time, s->timestamp);
#endif
    put_byte(&s1->pb, (RTP_VERSION << 6));
    put_byte(&s1->pb, 200);
    put_be16(&s1->pb, 6); /* length in words - 1 */
    put_be32(&s1->pb, s->ssrc);
    put_be64(&s1->pb, ntp_time);
    put_be32(&s1->pb, s->timestamp);
    put_be32(&s1->pb, s->packet_count);
    put_be32(&s1->pb, s->octet_count);
    put_flush_packet(&s1->pb);
}

/* send an rtp packet. sequence number is incremented, but the caller
   must update the timestamp itself */
static void rtp_send_data(AVFormatContext *s1, const uint8_t *buf1, int len, int m)
{
    RTPDemuxContext *s = s1->priv_data;

#ifdef DEBUG
    printf("rtp_send_data size=%d\n", len);
#endif

    /* build the RTP header */
    put_byte(&s1->pb, (RTP_VERSION << 6));
    put_byte(&s1->pb, (s->payload_type & 0x7f) | ((m & 0x01) << 7));
    put_be16(&s1->pb, s->seq);
    put_be32(&s1->pb, s->timestamp);
    put_be32(&s1->pb, s->ssrc);

    put_buffer(&s1->pb, buf1, len);
    put_flush_packet(&s1->pb);

    s->seq++;
    s->octet_count += len;
    s->packet_count++;
}

/* send an integer number of samples and compute time stamp and fill
   the rtp send buffer before sending. */
static void rtp_send_samples(AVFormatContext *s1,
                             const uint8_t *buf1, int size, int sample_size)
{
    RTPDemuxContext *s = s1->priv_data;
    int len, max_packet_size, n;

    max_packet_size = (s->max_payload_size / sample_size) * sample_size;
    /* not needed, but who nows */
    if ((size % sample_size) != 0)
        av_abort();
    while (size > 0) {
        len = (max_packet_size - (s->buf_ptr - s->buf));
        if (len > size)
            len = size;

        /* copy data */
        memcpy(s->buf_ptr, buf1, len);
        s->buf_ptr += len;
        buf1 += len;
        size -= len;
        n = (s->buf_ptr - s->buf);
        /* if buffer full, then send it */
        if (n >= max_packet_size) {
            rtp_send_data(s1, s->buf, n, 0);
            s->buf_ptr = s->buf;
            /* update timestamp */
            s->timestamp += n / sample_size;
        }
    }
}

/* NOTE: we suppose that exactly one frame is given as argument here */
/* XXX: test it */
static void rtp_send_mpegaudio(AVFormatContext *s1,
                               const uint8_t *buf1, int size)
{
    RTPDemuxContext *s = s1->priv_data;
    AVStream *st = s1->streams[0];
    int len, count, max_packet_size;

    max_packet_size = s->max_payload_size;

    /* test if we must flush because not enough space */
    len = (s->buf_ptr - s->buf);
    if ((len + size) > max_packet_size) {
        if (len > 4) {
            rtp_send_data(s1, s->buf, s->buf_ptr - s->buf, 0);
            s->buf_ptr = s->buf + 4;
            /* 90 KHz time stamp */
            s->timestamp = s->base_timestamp +
                (s->cur_timestamp * 90000LL) / st->codec->sample_rate;
        }
    }

    /* add the packet */
    if (size > max_packet_size) {
        /* big packet: fragment */
        count = 0;
        while (size > 0) {
            len = max_packet_size - 4;
            if (len > size)
                len = size;
            /* build fragmented packet */
            s->buf[0] = 0;
            s->buf[1] = 0;
            s->buf[2] = count >> 8;
            s->buf[3] = count;
            memcpy(s->buf + 4, buf1, len);
            rtp_send_data(s1, s->buf, len + 4, 0);
            size -= len;
            buf1 += len;
            count += len;
        }
    } else {
        if (s->buf_ptr == s->buf + 4) {
            /* no fragmentation possible */
            s->buf[0] = 0;
            s->buf[1] = 0;
            s->buf[2] = 0;
            s->buf[3] = 0;
        }
        memcpy(s->buf_ptr, buf1, size);
        s->buf_ptr += size;
    }
    s->cur_timestamp += st->codec->frame_size;
}

/* NOTE: a single frame must be passed with sequence header if
   needed. XXX: use slices. */
static void rtp_send_mpegvideo(AVFormatContext *s1,
                               const uint8_t *buf1, int size)
{
    RTPDemuxContext *s = s1->priv_data;
    AVStream *st = s1->streams[0];
    int len, h, max_packet_size;
    uint8_t *q;

    max_packet_size = s->max_payload_size;

    while (size > 0) {
        /* XXX: more correct headers */
        h = 0;
        if (st->codec->sub_id == 2)
            h |= 1 << 26; /* mpeg 2 indicator */
        q = s->buf;
        *q++ = h >> 24;
        *q++ = h >> 16;
        *q++ = h >> 8;
        *q++ = h;

        if (st->codec->sub_id == 2) {
            h = 0;
            *q++ = h >> 24;
            *q++ = h >> 16;
            *q++ = h >> 8;
            *q++ = h;
        }

        len = max_packet_size - (q - s->buf);
        if (len > size)
            len = size;

        memcpy(q, buf1, len);
        q += len;

        /* 90 KHz time stamp */
        s->timestamp = s->base_timestamp +
            av_rescale((int64_t)s->cur_timestamp * st->codec->time_base.num, 90000, st->codec->time_base.den); //FIXME pass timestamps
        rtp_send_data(s1, s->buf, q - s->buf, (len == size));

        buf1 += len;
        size -= len;
    }
    s->cur_timestamp++;
}

static void rtp_send_raw(AVFormatContext *s1,
                         const uint8_t *buf1, int size)
{
    RTPDemuxContext *s = s1->priv_data;
    AVStream *st = s1->streams[0];
    int len, max_packet_size;

    max_packet_size = s->max_payload_size;

    while (size > 0) {
        len = max_packet_size;
        if (len > size)
            len = size;

        /* 90 KHz time stamp */
        s->timestamp = s->base_timestamp +
            av_rescale((int64_t)s->cur_timestamp * st->codec->time_base.num, 90000, st->codec->time_base.den); //FIXME pass timestamps
        rtp_send_data(s1, buf1, len, (len == size));

        buf1 += len;
        size -= len;
    }
    s->cur_timestamp++;
}

/* NOTE: size is assumed to be an integer multiple of TS_PACKET_SIZE */
static void rtp_send_mpegts_raw(AVFormatContext *s1,
                                const uint8_t *buf1, int size)
{
    RTPDemuxContext *s = s1->priv_data;
    int len, out_len;

    while (size >= TS_PACKET_SIZE) {
        len = s->max_payload_size - (s->buf_ptr - s->buf);
        if (len > size)
            len = size;
        memcpy(s->buf_ptr, buf1, len);
        buf1 += len;
        size -= len;
        s->buf_ptr += len;

        out_len = s->buf_ptr - s->buf;
        if (out_len >= s->max_payload_size) {
            rtp_send_data(s1, s->buf, out_len, 0);
            s->buf_ptr = s->buf;
        }
    }
}

/* write an RTP packet. 'buf1' must contain a single specific frame. */
static int rtp_write_packet(AVFormatContext *s1, AVPacket *pkt)
{
    RTPDemuxContext *s = s1->priv_data;
    AVStream *st = s1->streams[0];
    int rtcp_bytes;
    int64_t ntp_time;
    int size= pkt->size;
    uint8_t *buf1= pkt->data;

#ifdef DEBUG
    printf("%d: write len=%d\n", pkt->stream_index, size);
#endif

    /* XXX: mpeg pts hardcoded. RTCP send every 0.5 seconds */
    rtcp_bytes = ((s->octet_count - s->last_octet_count) * RTCP_TX_RATIO_NUM) /
        RTCP_TX_RATIO_DEN;
    if (s->first_packet || rtcp_bytes >= 28) {
        /* compute NTP time */
        /* XXX: 90 kHz timestamp hardcoded */
        ntp_time = (pkt->pts << 28) / 5625;
        rtcp_send_sr(s1, ntp_time);
        s->last_octet_count = s->octet_count;
        s->first_packet = 0;
    }

    switch(st->codec->codec_id) {
    case CODEC_ID_PCM_MULAW:
    case CODEC_ID_PCM_ALAW:
    case CODEC_ID_PCM_U8:
    case CODEC_ID_PCM_S8:
        rtp_send_samples(s1, buf1, size, 1 * st->codec->channels);
        break;
    case CODEC_ID_PCM_U16BE:
    case CODEC_ID_PCM_U16LE:
    case CODEC_ID_PCM_S16BE:
    case CODEC_ID_PCM_S16LE:
        rtp_send_samples(s1, buf1, size, 2 * st->codec->channels);
        break;
    case CODEC_ID_MP2:
    case CODEC_ID_MP3:
        rtp_send_mpegaudio(s1, buf1, size);
        break;
    case CODEC_ID_MPEG1VIDEO:
        rtp_send_mpegvideo(s1, buf1, size);
        break;
    case CODEC_ID_MPEG2TS:
        rtp_send_mpegts_raw(s1, buf1, size);
        break;
    default:
        /* better than nothing : send the codec raw data */
        rtp_send_raw(s1, buf1, size);
        break;
    }
    return 0;
}

static int rtp_write_trailer(AVFormatContext *s1)
{
    //    RTPDemuxContext *s = s1->priv_data;
    return 0;
}

AVOutputFormat rtp_mux = {
    "rtp",
    "RTP output format",
    NULL,
    NULL,
    sizeof(RTPDemuxContext),
    CODEC_ID_PCM_MULAW,
    CODEC_ID_NONE,
    rtp_write_header,
    rtp_write_packet,
    rtp_write_trailer,
};

int rtp_init(void)
{
    av_register_output_format(&rtp_mux);
    return 0;
}

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