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user_eg2.c

/*<html><pre>  -<a                             href="qh-qhull.htm"
  >-------------------------------</a><a name="TOP">-</a>

  user_eg2.c

  sample code for calling qhull() from an application.

  See user_eg.c for a simpler method using qh_new_qhull().
  The method used here and in unix.c gives you additional
  control over Qhull. 
  
  call with:

     user_eg2 "triangulated cube/diamond options" "delaunay options" "halfspace options"

  for example:

     user_eg2                             # return summaries

     user_eg2 "n" "o" "Fp"                # return normals, OFF, points

     user_eg2 "QR0 p" "QR0 v p" "QR0 Fp"  # rotate input and return points
                                         # 'v' returns Voronoi
                               # transform is rotated for halfspaces

   main() makes three runs of qhull.

     1) compute the convex hull of a cube, and incrementally add a diamond

     2a) compute the Delaunay triangulation of random points, and add points.

     2b) find the Delaunay triangle closest to a point.

     3) compute the halfspace intersection of a diamond, and add a cube

 notes:
 
   summaries are sent to stderr if other output formats are used

   derived from unix.c and compiled by 'make user_eg2'

   see qhull.h for data structures, macros, and user-callable functions.
   
   If you want to control all output to stdio and input to stdin,
   set the #if below to "1" and delete all lines that contain "io.c".  
   This prevents the loading of io.o.  Qhull will
   still write to 'qh ferr' (stderr) for error reporting and tracing.

   Defining #if 1, also prevents user.o from being loaded.
*/

#include "qhull_a.h"

/*-------------------------------------------------
-internal function prototypes
*/
void print_summary (void);
void makecube (coordT *points, int numpoints, int dim);
void adddiamond (coordT *points, int numpoints, int numnew, int dim);
void makeDelaunay (coordT *points, int numpoints, int dim);
void addDelaunay (coordT *points, int numpoints, int numnew, int dim);
void findDelaunay (int dim);
void makehalf (coordT *points, int numpoints, int dim);
void addhalf (coordT *points, int numpoints, int numnew, int dim, coordT *feasible);

/*-------------------------------------------------
-print_summary()
*/
void print_summary (void) {
  facetT *facet;
  int k;

  printf ("\n%d vertices and %d facets with normals:\n", 
                 qh num_vertices, qh num_facets);
  FORALLfacets {
    for (k=0; k < qh hull_dim; k++) 
      printf ("%6.2g ", facet->normal[k]);
    printf ("\n");
  }
}

/*--------------------------------------------------
-makecube- set points to vertices of cube
  points is numpoints X dim
*/
void makecube (coordT *points, int numpoints, int dim) {
  int j,k;
  coordT *point;

  for (j=0; j<numpoints; j++) {
    point= points + j*dim;
    for (k=dim; k--; ) {
      if (j & ( 1 << k))
      point[k]= 1.0;
      else
      point[k]= -1.0;
    }
  }
} /*.makecube.*/

/*--------------------------------------------------
-adddiamond- add diamond to convex hull
  points is numpoints+numnew X dim.
  
notes:
  qh_addpoint() does not make a copy of the point coordinates.

  For inside points and some outside points, qh_findbestfacet performs 
  an exhaustive search for a visible facet.  Algorithms that retain 
  previously constructed hulls should be faster for on-line construction 
  of the convex hull.
*/
void adddiamond (coordT *points, int numpoints, int numnew, int dim) {
  int j,k;
  coordT *point;
  facetT *facet;
  boolT isoutside;
  realT bestdist;

  for (j= 0; j < numnew ; j++) {
    point= points + (numpoints+j)*dim;
    if (points == qh first_point)  /* in case of 'QRn' */
      qh num_points= numpoints+j+1;
    /* qh num_points sets the size of the points array.  You may
       allocate the points elsewhere.  If so, qh_addpoint records
       the point's address in qh other_points 
    */
    for (k=dim; k--; ) {
      if (j/2 == k)
      point[k]= (j & 1) ? 2.0 : -2.0;
      else
      point[k]= 0.0;
    }
    facet= qh_findbestfacet (point, !qh_ALL, &bestdist, &isoutside);
    if (isoutside) {
      if (!qh_addpoint (point, facet, False))
      break;  /* user requested an early exit with 'TVn' or 'TCn' */
    }
    printf ("%d vertices and %d facets\n", 
                 qh num_vertices, qh num_facets);
    /* qh_produce_output(); */
  }
  if (qh DOcheckmax)
    qh_check_maxout();
  else if (qh KEEPnearinside)
    qh_nearcoplanar();
} /*.adddiamond.*/

/*--------------------------------------------------
-makeDelaunay- set points for dim-1 Delaunay triangulation of random points
  points is numpoints X dim.  Each point is projected to a paraboloid.
*/
void makeDelaunay (coordT *points, int numpoints, int dim) {
  int j,k, seed;
  coordT *point, realr;

  seed= time(NULL);
  printf ("seed: %d\n", seed);
  qh_RANDOMseed_( seed);
  for (j=0; j<numpoints; j++) {
    point= points + j*dim;
    for (k= 0; k < dim-1; k++) {
      realr= qh_RANDOMint;
      point[k]= 2.0 * realr/(qh_RANDOMmax+1) - 1.0;
    }
  }
  qh_setdelaunay (dim, numpoints, points);
} /*.makeDelaunay.*/

/*--------------------------------------------------
-addDelaunay- add points to dim-1 Delaunay triangulation
  points is numpoints+numnew X dim.  Each point is projected to a paraboloid.
notes:
  qh_addpoint() does not make a copy of the point coordinates.

  Since qh_addpoint() is not given a visible facet, it performs a directed
  search of all facets.  Algorithms that retain previously
  constructed hulls may be faster.
*/
void addDelaunay (coordT *points, int numpoints, int numnew, int dim) {
  int j,k;
  coordT *point, realr;
  facetT *facet;
  realT bestdist;
  boolT isoutside;

  for (j= 0; j < numnew ; j++) {
    point= points + (numpoints+j)*dim;
    if (points == qh first_point)  /* in case of 'QRn' */
      qh num_points= numpoints+j+1;  
    /* qh num_points sets the size of the points array.  You may
       allocate the point elsewhere.  If so, qh_addpoint records
       the point's address in qh other_points 
    */
    for (k= 0; k < dim-1; k++) {
      realr= qh_RANDOMint;
      point[k]= 2.0 * realr/(qh_RANDOMmax+1) - 1.0;
    }
    qh_setdelaunay (dim, 1, point);
    facet= qh_findbestfacet (point, !qh_ALL, &bestdist, &isoutside);
    if (isoutside) {
      if (!qh_addpoint (point, facet, False))
      break;  /* user requested an early exit with 'TVn' or 'TCn' */
    }
    qh_printpoint (stdout, "added point", point);
    printf ("%d points, %d extra points, %d vertices, and %d facets in total\n", 
                qh num_points, qh_setsize (qh other_points),
                  qh num_vertices, qh num_facets);
    
    /* qh_produce_output(); */
  }
  if (qh DOcheckmax)
    qh_check_maxout();
  else if (qh KEEPnearinside)
    qh_nearcoplanar();
} /*.addDelaunay.*/

/*--------------------------------------------------
-findDelaunay- find Delaunay triangle for [0.5,0.5,...]
  assumes dim < 100
*/
void findDelaunay (int dim) {
  int k;
  coordT point[ 100];
  boolT isoutside;
  realT bestdist;
  facetT *facet;
  vertexT *vertex, **vertexp;

  for (k= 0; k < dim-1; k++) 
    point[k]= 0.5;
  qh_setdelaunay (dim, 1, point);
  facet= qh_findbestfacet (point, qh_ALL, &bestdist, &isoutside);
  FOREACHvertex_(facet->vertices) {
    for (k=0; k < dim-1; k++)
      printf ("%5.2f ", vertex->point[k]);
    printf ("\n");
  }
} /*.findDelaunay.*/

/*--------------------------------------------------
-makehalf- set points to halfspaces for a (dim)-d diamond
  points is numpoints X dim+1

  each halfspace consists of dim coefficients followed by an offset
*/
void makehalf (coordT *points, int numpoints, int dim) {
  int j,k;
  coordT *point;

  for (j=0; j<numpoints; j++) {
    point= points + j*(dim+1);
    point[dim]= -1.0; /* offset */
    for (k=dim; k--; ) {
      if (j & ( 1 << k))
      point[k]= 1.0;
      else
      point[k]= -1.0;
    }
  }
} /*.makehalf.*/

/*--------------------------------------------------
-addhalf- add halfspaces for a (dim)-d cube to the intersection
  points is numpoints+numnew X dim+1
notes:
  assumes dim < 100. 

  For makehalf(), points is the initial set of halfspaces with offsets.
  It is transformed by qh_sethalfspace_all into a
  (dim)-d set of newpoints.  Qhull computed the convex hull of newpoints -
  this is equivalent to the halfspace intersection of the
  orginal halfspaces.

  For addhalf(), the remainder of points stores the transforms of
  the added halfspaces.  Qhull computes the convex hull of newpoints
  and the added points.  qh_addpoint() does not make a copy of these points.

  Since halfspace intersection is equivalent to a convex hull, 
  qh_findbestfacet may perform an exhaustive search
  for a visible facet.  Algorithms that retain previously constructed
  intersections should be faster for on-line construction.
*/
void addhalf (coordT *points, int numpoints, int numnew, int dim, coordT *feasible) {
  int j,k;
  coordT *point, normal[100], offset, *next;
  facetT *facet;
  boolT isoutside;
  realT bestdist;

  for (j= 0; j < numnew ; j++) {
    offset= -1.0; 
    for (k=dim; k--; ) {
      if (j/2 == k) {
      normal[k]= sqrt (dim);   /* to normalize as in makehalf */
      if (j & 1)
        normal[k]= -normal[k];
      }else
      normal[k]= 0.0;
    }
    point= points + (numpoints+j)* (dim+1);  /* does not use point[dim] */
    qh_sethalfspace (dim, point, &next, normal, &offset, feasible);
    facet= qh_findbestfacet (point, !qh_ALL, &bestdist, &isoutside);
    if (isoutside) {
      if (!qh_addpoint (point, facet, False))
      break;  /* user requested an early exit with 'TVn' or 'TCn' */
    }
    qh_printpoint (stdout, "added offset -1 and normal", normal);
    printf ("%d points, %d extra points, %d vertices, and %d facets in total\n", 
                qh num_points, qh_setsize (qh other_points),
                  qh num_vertices, qh num_facets);
    /* qh_produce_output(); */
  }
  if (qh DOcheckmax)
    qh_check_maxout();
  else if (qh KEEPnearinside)
    qh_nearcoplanar();
} /*.addhalf.*/

#define DIM 3     /* dimension of points, must be < 31 for SIZEcube */
#define SIZEcube (1<<DIM)
#define SIZEdiamond (2*DIM)
#define TOTpoints (SIZEcube + SIZEdiamond)

/*--------------------------------------------------
-main- derived from call_qhull in user.c

  see program header

  this contains three runs of Qhull for convex hull, Delaunay
  triangulation or Voronoi vertices, and halfspace intersection

*/
int main (int argc, char *argv[]) {
  boolT ismalloc;
  int curlong, totlong, exitcode;
  char options [2000];

  printf ("This is the output from user_eg2.c\n\n\
It shows how qhull() may be called from an application.  It is not part\n\
of qhull itself.  If it appears accidently, please remove user_eg2.c from\n\
your project.\n\n");
  ismalloc= False;      /* True if qh_freeqhull should 'free(array)' */
  /*
    Run 1: convex hull
  */
  qh_init_A (stdin, stdout, stderr, 0, NULL);
  exitcode= setjmp (qh errexit);
  if (!exitcode) {
    coordT array[TOTpoints][DIM];

    strcat (qh rbox_command, "user_eg cube");
    sprintf (options, "qhull s Tcv Q11 %s ", argc >= 2 ? argv[1] : "");
    qh_initflags (options);
    printf( "\ncompute triangulated convex hull of cube after rotating input\n");
    makecube (array[0], SIZEcube, DIM);
    qh_init_B (array[0], SIZEcube, DIM, ismalloc);
    qh_qhull();
    qh_check_output();
    qh_triangulate();  /* requires option 'Q11' if want to add points */ 
    print_summary ();
    if (qh VERIFYoutput && !qh STOPpoint && !qh STOPcone)
      qh_check_points ();
    printf( "\nadd points in a diamond\n");
    adddiamond (array[0], SIZEcube, SIZEdiamond, DIM);
    qh_check_output();
    print_summary (); 
    qh_produce_output();  /* delete this line to help avoid io.c */
    if (qh VERIFYoutput && !qh STOPpoint && !qh STOPcone)
      qh_check_points ();
  }
  qh NOerrexit= True;
  qh_freeqhull (!qh_ALL);
  qh_memfreeshort (&curlong, &totlong);
  /*
    Run 2: Delaunay triangulation
  */
  qh_init_A (stdin, stdout, stderr, 0, NULL);
  exitcode= setjmp (qh errexit);
  if (!exitcode) {
    coordT array[TOTpoints][DIM];

    strcat (qh rbox_command, "user_eg Delaunay");
    sprintf (options, "qhull s d Tcv %s", argc >= 3 ? argv[2] : "");
    qh_initflags (options);
    printf( "\ncompute 2-d Delaunay triangulation\n");
    makeDelaunay (array[0], SIZEcube, DIM);
    /* Instead of makeDelaunay with qh_setdelaunay, you may
       produce a 2-d array of points, set DIM to 2, and set 
       qh PROJECTdelaunay to True.  qh_init_B will call 
       qh_projectinput to project the points to the paraboloid
       and add a point "at-infinity".
    */
    qh_init_B (array[0], SIZEcube, DIM, ismalloc);
    qh_qhull();
    /* If you want Voronoi ('v') without qh_produce_output(), call
       qh_setvoronoi_all() after qh_qhull() */
    qh_check_output();
    print_summary ();
    qh_produce_output();  /* delete this line to help avoid io.c */
    if (qh VERIFYoutput && !qh STOPpoint && !qh STOPcone)
      qh_check_points ();
    printf( "\nadd points to triangulation\n");
    addDelaunay (array[0], SIZEcube, SIZEdiamond, DIM); 
    qh_check_output();
    qh_produce_output();  /* delete this line to help avoid io.c */
    if (qh VERIFYoutput && !qh STOPpoint && !qh STOPcone)
      qh_check_points ();
    printf( "\nfind Delaunay triangle closest to [0.5, 0.5, ...]\n");
    findDelaunay (DIM);
  }
  qh NOerrexit= True;
  qh_freeqhull (!qh_ALL);
  qh_memfreeshort (&curlong, &totlong);
  /*
    Run 3: halfspace intersection
  */
  qh_init_A (stdin, stdout, stderr, 0, NULL);
  exitcode= setjmp (qh errexit);
  if (!exitcode) {
    coordT array[TOTpoints][DIM+1];  /* +1 for halfspace offset */
    pointT *points;

    strcat (qh rbox_command, "user_eg halfspaces");
    sprintf (options, "qhull H0 s Tcv %s", argc >= 4 ? argv[3] : "");
    qh_initflags (options);
    printf( "\ncompute halfspace intersection about the origin for a diamond\n");
    makehalf (array[0], SIZEcube, DIM);
    qh_setfeasible (DIM); /* from io.c, sets qh feasible_point from 'Hn,n' */
    /* you may malloc and set qh feasible_point directly.  It is only used for
       option 'Fp' */
    points= qh_sethalfspace_all ( DIM+1, SIZEcube, array[0], qh feasible_point); 
    qh_init_B (points, SIZEcube, DIM, True); /* qh_freeqhull frees points */
    qh_qhull();
    qh_check_output();
    qh_produce_output();  /* delete this line to help avoid io.c */
    if (qh VERIFYoutput && !qh STOPpoint && !qh STOPcone)
      qh_check_points ();
    printf( "\nadd halfspaces for cube to intersection\n");
    addhalf (array[0], SIZEcube, SIZEdiamond, DIM, qh feasible_point); 
    qh_check_output();
    qh_produce_output();  /* delete this line to help avoid io.c */
    if (qh VERIFYoutput && !qh STOPpoint && !qh STOPcone)
      qh_check_points ();
  }
  qh NOerrexit= True;
  qh NOerrexit= True;
  qh_freeqhull (!qh_ALL);
  qh_memfreeshort (&curlong, &totlong);
  if (curlong || totlong)  /* could also check previous runs */
    fprintf (stderr, "qhull internal warning (main): did not free %d bytes of long memory (%d pieces)\n",
       totlong, curlong);
  return exitcode;
} /* main */

#if 1    /* use 1 to prevent loading of io.o and user.o */
/*-------------------------------------------
-errexit- return exitcode to system after an error
  assumes exitcode non-zero
  prints useful information
  see qh_errexit2() in qhull.c for 2 facets
*/
void qh_errexit(int exitcode, facetT *facet, ridgeT *ridge) {

  if (qh ERREXITcalled) {
    fprintf (qh ferr, "qhull error while processing previous error.  Exit program\n");
    exit(1);
  }
  qh ERREXITcalled= True;
  if (!qh QHULLfinished)
    qh hulltime= (unsigned)clock() - qh hulltime;
  fprintf (qh ferr, "\nWhile executing: %s | %s\n", qh rbox_command, qh qhull_command);
  fprintf(qh ferr, "Options selected:\n%s\n", qh qhull_options);
  if (qh furthest_id >= 0) {
    fprintf(qh ferr, "\nLast point added to hull was p%d", qh furthest_id);
    if (zzval_(Ztotmerge))
      fprintf(qh ferr, "  Last merge was #%d.", zzval_(Ztotmerge));
    if (qh QHULLfinished)
      fprintf(qh ferr, "\nQhull has finished constructing the hull.");
    else if (qh POSTmerging)
      fprintf(qh ferr, "\nQhull has started post-merging");
    fprintf(qh ferr, "\n\n");
  }
  if (qh NOerrexit) {
    fprintf (qh ferr, "qhull error while ending program.  Exit program\n");
    exit(1);
  }
  if (!exitcode)
    exitcode= qh_ERRqhull;
  qh NOerrexit= True;
  longjmp(qh errexit, exitcode);
} /* errexit */


/*-------------------------------------------
-errprint- prints out the information of the erroneous object
    any parameter may be NULL, also prints neighbors and geomview output
*/
void qh_errprint(char *string, facetT *atfacet, facetT *otherfacet, ridgeT *atridge, vertexT *atvertex) {

  fprintf (qh ferr, "%s facets f%d f%d ridge r%d vertex v%d\n",
         string, getid_(atfacet), getid_(otherfacet), getid_(atridge),
         getid_(atvertex));
} /* errprint */


void qh_printfacetlist(facetT *facetlist, setT *facets, boolT printall) {
  facetT *facet, **facetp;

  /* remove these calls to help avoid io.c */
  qh_printbegin (qh ferr, qh_PRINTfacets, facetlist, facets, printall);/*io.c*/
  FORALLfacet_(facetlist)                                              /*io.c*/
    qh_printafacet(qh ferr, qh_PRINTfacets, facet, printall);          /*io.c*/
  FOREACHfacet_(facets)                                                /*io.c*/
    qh_printafacet(qh ferr, qh_PRINTfacets, facet, printall);          /*io.c*/
  qh_printend (qh ferr, qh_PRINTfacets, facetlist, facets, printall);  /*io.c*/

  FORALLfacet_(facetlist)
    fprintf( qh ferr, "facet f%d\n", facet->id);
} /* printfacetlist */



/*-----------------------------------------
-user_memsizes- allocate up to 10 additional, quick allocation sizes
*/
void qh_user_memsizes (void) {

  /* qh_memsize (size); */
} /* user_memsizes */

#endif

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