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smemory.c

/*
 * -- SuperLU routine (version 3.0) --
 * Univ. of California Berkeley, Xerox Palo Alto Research Center,
 * and Lawrence Berkeley National Lab.
 * October 15, 2003
 *
 */
#include "ssp_defs.h"

/* Constants */
#define NO_MEMTYPE  4      /* 0: lusup;
                        1: ucol;
                        2: lsub;
                        3: usub */
#define GluIntArray(n)   (5 * (n) + 5)

/* Internal prototypes */
void  *sexpand (int *, MemType,int, int, GlobalLU_t *);
int   sLUWorkInit (int, int, int, int **, float **, LU_space_t);
void  copy_mem_float (int, void *, void *);
void  sStackCompress (GlobalLU_t *);
void  sSetupSpace (void *, int, LU_space_t *);
void  *suser_malloc (int, int);
void  suser_free (int, int);

/* External prototypes (in memory.c - prec-indep) */
extern void    copy_mem_int    (int, void *, void *);
extern void    user_bcopy      (char *, char *, int);

/* Headers for 4 types of dynamatically managed memory */
typedef struct e_node {
    int size;      /* length of the memory that has been used */
    void *mem;     /* pointer to the new malloc'd store */
} ExpHeader;

typedef struct {
    int  size;
    int  used;
    int  top1;  /* grow upward, relative to &array[0] */
    int  top2;  /* grow downward */
    void *array;
} LU_stack_t;

/* Variables local to this file */
static ExpHeader *expanders = 0; /* Array of pointers to 4 types of memory */
static LU_stack_t stack;
static int no_expand;

/* Macros to manipulate stack */
#define StackFull(x)         ( x + stack.used >= stack.size )
#define NotDoubleAlign(addr) ( (long int)addr & 7 )
#define DoubleAlign(addr)    ( ((long int)addr + 7) & ~7L )
#define TempSpace(m, w)      ( (2*w + 4 + NO_MARKER) * m * sizeof(int) + \
                        (w + 1) * m * sizeof(float) )
#define Reduce(alpha)        ((alpha + 1) / 2)  /* i.e. (alpha-1)/2 + 1 */




/*
 * Setup the memory model to be used for factorization.
 *    lwork = 0: use system malloc;
 *    lwork > 0: use user-supplied work[] space.
 */
void sSetupSpace(void *work, int lwork, LU_space_t *MemModel)
{
    if ( lwork == 0 ) {
      *MemModel = SYSTEM; /* malloc/free */
    } else if ( lwork > 0 ) {
      *MemModel = USER;   /* user provided space */
      stack.used = 0;
      stack.top1 = 0;
      stack.top2 = (lwork/4)*4; /* must be word addressable */
      stack.size = stack.top2;
      stack.array = (void *) work;
    }
}



void *suser_malloc(int bytes, int which_end)
{
    void *buf;
    
    if ( StackFull(bytes) ) return (NULL);

    if ( which_end == HEAD ) {
      buf = (char*) stack.array + stack.top1;
      stack.top1 += bytes;
    } else {
      stack.top2 -= bytes;
      buf = (char*) stack.array + stack.top2;
    }
    
    stack.used += bytes;
    return buf;
}


void suser_free(int bytes, int which_end)
{
    if ( which_end == HEAD ) {
      stack.top1 -= bytes;
    } else {
      stack.top2 += bytes;
    }
    stack.used -= bytes;
}



/*
 * mem_usage consists of the following fields:
 *    - for_lu (float)
 *      The amount of space used in bytes for the L\U data structures.
 *    - total_needed (float)
 *      The amount of space needed in bytes to perform factorization.
 *    - expansions (int)
 *      Number of memory expansions during the LU factorization.
 */
int sQuerySpace(SuperMatrix *L, SuperMatrix *U, mem_usage_t *mem_usage)
{
    SCformat *Lstore;
    NCformat *Ustore;
    register int n, iword, dword, panel_size = sp_ienv(1);

    Lstore = L->Store;
    Ustore = U->Store;
    n = L->ncol;
    iword = sizeof(int);
    dword = sizeof(float);

    /* For LU factors */
    mem_usage->for_lu = (float)( (4*n + 3) * iword + Lstore->nzval_colptr[n] *
                         dword + Lstore->rowind_colptr[n] * iword );
    mem_usage->for_lu += (float)( (n + 1) * iword +
                         Ustore->colptr[n] * (dword + iword) );

    /* Working storage to support factorization */
    mem_usage->total_needed = mem_usage->for_lu +
      (float)( (2 * panel_size + 4 + NO_MARKER) * n * iword +
            (panel_size + 1) * n * dword );

    mem_usage->expansions = --no_expand;

    return 0;
} /* sQuerySpace */

/*
 * Allocate storage for the data structures common to all factor routines.
 * For those unpredictable size, make a guess as FILL * nnz(A).
 * Return value:
 *     If lwork = -1, return the estimated amount of space required, plus n;
 *     otherwise, return the amount of space actually allocated when
 *     memory allocation failure occurred.
 */
int
sLUMemInit(fact_t fact, void *work, int lwork, int m, int n, int annz,
        int panel_size, SuperMatrix *L, SuperMatrix *U, GlobalLU_t *Glu,
        int **iwork, float **dwork)
{
    int      info, iword, dword;
    SCformat *Lstore;
    NCformat *Ustore;
    int      *xsup, *supno;
    int      *lsub, *xlsub;
    float   *lusup;
    int      *xlusup;
    float   *ucol;
    int      *usub, *xusub;
    int      nzlmax, nzumax, nzlumax;
    int      FILL = sp_ienv(6);
    
    Glu->n    = n;
    no_expand = 0;
    iword     = sizeof(int);
    dword     = sizeof(float);

    if ( !expanders )   
        expanders = (ExpHeader*)SUPERLU_MALLOC(NO_MEMTYPE * sizeof(ExpHeader));
    if ( !expanders ) ABORT("SUPERLU_MALLOC fails for expanders");
    
    if ( fact != SamePattern_SameRowPerm ) {
      /* Guess for L\U factors */
      nzumax = nzlumax = FILL * annz;
      nzlmax = SUPERLU_MAX(1, FILL/4.) * annz;

      if ( lwork == -1 ) {
          return ( GluIntArray(n) * iword + TempSpace(m, panel_size)
                + (nzlmax+nzumax)*iword + (nzlumax+nzumax)*dword + n );
        } else {
          sSetupSpace(work, lwork, &Glu->MemModel);
      }
      
#ifdef DEBUG               
      printf("sLUMemInit() called: annz %d, MemModel %d\n", 
            annz, Glu->MemModel);
#endif      
      
      /* Integer pointers for L\U factors */
      if ( Glu->MemModel == SYSTEM ) {
          xsup   = intMalloc(n+1);
          supno  = intMalloc(n+1);
          xlsub  = intMalloc(n+1);
          xlusup = intMalloc(n+1);
          xusub  = intMalloc(n+1);
      } else {
          xsup   = (int *)suser_malloc((n+1) * iword, HEAD);
          supno  = (int *)suser_malloc((n+1) * iword, HEAD);
          xlsub  = (int *)suser_malloc((n+1) * iword, HEAD);
          xlusup = (int *)suser_malloc((n+1) * iword, HEAD);
          xusub  = (int *)suser_malloc((n+1) * iword, HEAD);
      }

      lusup = (float *) sexpand( &nzlumax, LUSUP, 0, 0, Glu );
      ucol  = (float *) sexpand( &nzumax, UCOL, 0, 0, Glu );
      lsub  = (int *)    sexpand( &nzlmax, LSUB, 0, 0, Glu );
      usub  = (int *)    sexpand( &nzumax, USUB, 0, 1, Glu );

      while ( !lusup || !ucol || !lsub || !usub ) {
          if ( Glu->MemModel == SYSTEM ) {
            SUPERLU_FREE(lusup); 
            SUPERLU_FREE(ucol); 
            SUPERLU_FREE(lsub); 
            SUPERLU_FREE(usub);
          } else {
            suser_free((nzlumax+nzumax)*dword+(nzlmax+nzumax)*iword, HEAD);
          }
          nzlumax /= 2;
          nzumax /= 2;
          nzlmax /= 2;
          if ( nzlumax < annz ) {
            printf("Not enough memory to perform factorization.\n");
            return (smemory_usage(nzlmax, nzumax, nzlumax, n) + n);
          }
          lusup = (float *) sexpand( &nzlumax, LUSUP, 0, 0, Glu );
          ucol  = (float *) sexpand( &nzumax, UCOL, 0, 0, Glu );
          lsub  = (int *)    sexpand( &nzlmax, LSUB, 0, 0, Glu );
          usub  = (int *)    sexpand( &nzumax, USUB, 0, 1, Glu );
      }
      
    } else {
      /* fact == SamePattern_SameRowPerm */
      Lstore   = L->Store;
      Ustore   = U->Store;
      xsup     = Lstore->sup_to_col;
      supno    = Lstore->col_to_sup;
      xlsub    = Lstore->rowind_colptr;
      xlusup   = Lstore->nzval_colptr;
      xusub    = Ustore->colptr;
      nzlmax   = Glu->nzlmax;    /* max from previous factorization */
      nzumax   = Glu->nzumax;
      nzlumax  = Glu->nzlumax;
      
      if ( lwork == -1 ) {
          return ( GluIntArray(n) * iword + TempSpace(m, panel_size)
                + (nzlmax+nzumax)*iword + (nzlumax+nzumax)*dword + n );
        } else if ( lwork == 0 ) {
          Glu->MemModel = SYSTEM;
      } else {
          Glu->MemModel = USER;
          stack.top2 = (lwork/4)*4; /* must be word-addressable */
          stack.size = stack.top2;
      }
      
      lsub  = expanders[LSUB].mem  = Lstore->rowind;
      lusup = expanders[LUSUP].mem = Lstore->nzval;
      usub  = expanders[USUB].mem  = Ustore->rowind;
      ucol  = expanders[UCOL].mem  = Ustore->nzval;;
      expanders[LSUB].size         = nzlmax;
      expanders[LUSUP].size        = nzlumax;
      expanders[USUB].size         = nzumax;
      expanders[UCOL].size         = nzumax;    
    }

    Glu->xsup    = xsup;
    Glu->supno   = supno;
    Glu->lsub    = lsub;
    Glu->xlsub   = xlsub;
    Glu->lusup   = lusup;
    Glu->xlusup  = xlusup;
    Glu->ucol    = ucol;
    Glu->usub    = usub;
    Glu->xusub   = xusub;
    Glu->nzlmax  = nzlmax;
    Glu->nzumax  = nzumax;
    Glu->nzlumax = nzlumax;
    
    info = sLUWorkInit(m, n, panel_size, iwork, dwork, Glu->MemModel);
    if ( info )
      return ( info + smemory_usage(nzlmax, nzumax, nzlumax, n) + n);
    
    ++no_expand;
    return 0;
    
} /* sLUMemInit */

/* Allocate known working storage. Returns 0 if success, otherwise
   returns the number of bytes allocated so far when failure occurred. */
int
sLUWorkInit(int m, int n, int panel_size, int **iworkptr, 
            float **dworkptr, LU_space_t MemModel)
{
    int    isize, dsize, extra;
    float *old_ptr;
    int    maxsuper = sp_ienv(3),
           rowblk   = sp_ienv(4);

    isize = ( (2 * panel_size + 3 + NO_MARKER ) * m + n ) * sizeof(int);
    dsize = (m * panel_size +
           NUM_TEMPV(m,panel_size,maxsuper,rowblk)) * sizeof(float);
    
    if ( MemModel == SYSTEM ) 
      *iworkptr = (int *) intCalloc(isize/sizeof(int));
    else
      *iworkptr = (int *) suser_malloc(isize, TAIL);
    if ( ! *iworkptr ) {
      fprintf(stderr, "sLUWorkInit: malloc fails for local iworkptr[]\n");
      return (isize + n);
    }

    if ( MemModel == SYSTEM )
      *dworkptr = (float *) SUPERLU_MALLOC(dsize);
    else {
      *dworkptr = (float *) suser_malloc(dsize, TAIL);
      if ( NotDoubleAlign(*dworkptr) ) {
          old_ptr = *dworkptr;
          *dworkptr = (float*) DoubleAlign(*dworkptr);
          *dworkptr = (float*) ((double*)*dworkptr - 1);
          extra = (char*)old_ptr - (char*)*dworkptr;
#ifdef DEBUG          
          printf("sLUWorkInit: not aligned, extra %d\n", extra);
#endif          
          stack.top2 -= extra;
          stack.used += extra;
      }
    }
    if ( ! *dworkptr ) {
      fprintf(stderr, "malloc fails for local dworkptr[].");
      return (isize + dsize + n);
    }
      
    return 0;
}


/*
 * Set up pointers for real working arrays.
 */
void
sSetRWork(int m, int panel_size, float *dworkptr,
       float **dense, float **tempv)
{
    float zero = 0.0;

    int maxsuper = sp_ienv(3),
        rowblk   = sp_ienv(4);
    *dense = dworkptr;
    *tempv = *dense + panel_size*m;
    sfill (*dense, m * panel_size, zero);
    sfill (*tempv, NUM_TEMPV(m,panel_size,maxsuper,rowblk), zero);     
}
      
/*
 * Free the working storage used by factor routines.
 */
void sLUWorkFree(int *iwork, float *dwork, GlobalLU_t *Glu)
{
    if ( Glu->MemModel == SYSTEM ) {
      SUPERLU_FREE (iwork);
      SUPERLU_FREE (dwork);
    } else {
      stack.used -= (stack.size - stack.top2);
      stack.top2 = stack.size;
/*    sStackCompress(Glu);  */
    }
    
    SUPERLU_FREE (expanders); 
    expanders = 0;
}

/* Expand the data structures for L and U during the factorization.
 * Return value:   0 - successful return
 *               > 0 - number of bytes allocated when run out of space
 */
int
sLUMemXpand(int jcol,
         int next,          /* number of elements currently in the factors */
         MemType mem_type,  /* which type of memory to expand  */
         int *maxlen,       /* modified - maximum length of a data structure */
         GlobalLU_t *Glu    /* modified - global LU data structures */
         )
{
    void   *new_mem;
    
#ifdef DEBUG    
    printf("sLUMemXpand(): jcol %d, next %d, maxlen %d, MemType %d\n",
         jcol, next, *maxlen, mem_type);
#endif    

    if (mem_type == USUB) 
      new_mem = sexpand(maxlen, mem_type, next, 1, Glu);
    else
      new_mem = sexpand(maxlen, mem_type, next, 0, Glu);
    
    if ( !new_mem ) {
      int    nzlmax  = Glu->nzlmax;
      int    nzumax  = Glu->nzumax;
      int    nzlumax = Glu->nzlumax;
      fprintf(stderr, "Can't expand MemType %d: jcol %d\n", mem_type, jcol);
      return (smemory_usage(nzlmax, nzumax, nzlumax, Glu->n) + Glu->n);
    }

    switch ( mem_type ) {
      case LUSUP:
      Glu->lusup   = (float *) new_mem;
      Glu->nzlumax = *maxlen;
      break;
      case UCOL:
      Glu->ucol   = (float *) new_mem;
      Glu->nzumax = *maxlen;
      break;
      case LSUB:
      Glu->lsub   = (int *) new_mem;
      Glu->nzlmax = *maxlen;
      break;
      case USUB:
      Glu->usub   = (int *) new_mem;
      Glu->nzumax = *maxlen;
      break;
    }
    
    return 0;
    
}



void
copy_mem_float(int howmany, void *old, void *new)
{
    register int i;
    float *dold = old;
    float *dnew = new;
    for (i = 0; i < howmany; i++) dnew[i] = dold[i];
}

/*
 * Expand the existing storage to accommodate more fill-ins.
 */
void
*sexpand (
       int *prev_len,   /* length used from previous call */
       MemType type,    /* which part of the memory to expand */
       int len_to_copy, /* size of the memory to be copied to new store */
       int keep_prev,   /* = 1: use prev_len;
                       = 0: compute new_len to expand */
       GlobalLU_t *Glu  /* modified - global LU data structures */
      )
{
    float    EXPAND = 1.5;
    float    alpha;
    void     *new_mem, *old_mem;
    int      new_len, tries, lword, extra, bytes_to_copy;

    alpha = EXPAND;

    if ( no_expand == 0 || keep_prev ) /* First time allocate requested */
        new_len = *prev_len;
    else {
      new_len = alpha * *prev_len;
    }
    
    if ( type == LSUB || type == USUB ) lword = sizeof(int);
    else lword = sizeof(float);

    if ( Glu->MemModel == SYSTEM ) {
      new_mem = (void *) SUPERLU_MALLOC(new_len * lword);
/*    new_mem = (void *) calloc(new_len, lword); */
      if ( no_expand != 0 ) {
          tries = 0;
          if ( keep_prev ) {
            if ( !new_mem ) return (NULL);
          } else {
            while ( !new_mem ) {
                if ( ++tries > 10 ) return (NULL);
                alpha = Reduce(alpha);
                new_len = alpha * *prev_len;
                new_mem = (void *) SUPERLU_MALLOC(new_len * lword); 
/*              new_mem = (void *) calloc(new_len, lword); */
            }
          }
          if ( type == LSUB || type == USUB ) {
            copy_mem_int(len_to_copy, expanders[type].mem, new_mem);
          } else {
            copy_mem_float(len_to_copy, expanders[type].mem, new_mem);
          }
          SUPERLU_FREE (expanders[type].mem);
      }
      expanders[type].mem = (void *) new_mem;
      
    } else { /* MemModel == USER */
      if ( no_expand == 0 ) {
          new_mem = suser_malloc(new_len * lword, HEAD);
          if ( NotDoubleAlign(new_mem) &&
            (type == LUSUP || type == UCOL) ) {
            old_mem = new_mem;
            new_mem = (void *)DoubleAlign(new_mem);
            extra = (char*)new_mem - (char*)old_mem;
#ifdef DEBUG            
            printf("expand(): not aligned, extra %d\n", extra);
#endif            
            stack.top1 += extra;
            stack.used += extra;
          }
          expanders[type].mem = (void *) new_mem;
      }
      else {
          tries = 0;
          extra = (new_len - *prev_len) * lword;
          if ( keep_prev ) {
            if ( StackFull(extra) ) return (NULL);
          } else {
            while ( StackFull(extra) ) {
                if ( ++tries > 10 ) return (NULL);
                alpha = Reduce(alpha);
                new_len = alpha * *prev_len;
                extra = (new_len - *prev_len) * lword;          
            }
          }

          if ( type != USUB ) {
            new_mem = (void*)((char*)expanders[type + 1].mem + extra);
            bytes_to_copy = (char*)stack.array + stack.top1
                - (char*)expanders[type + 1].mem;
            user_bcopy(expanders[type+1].mem, new_mem, bytes_to_copy);

            if ( type < USUB ) {
                Glu->usub = expanders[USUB].mem =
                  (void*)((char*)expanders[USUB].mem + extra);
            }
            if ( type < LSUB ) {
                Glu->lsub = expanders[LSUB].mem =
                  (void*)((char*)expanders[LSUB].mem + extra);
            }
            if ( type < UCOL ) {
                Glu->ucol = expanders[UCOL].mem =
                  (void*)((char*)expanders[UCOL].mem + extra);
            }
            stack.top1 += extra;
            stack.used += extra;
            if ( type == UCOL ) {
                stack.top1 += extra;   /* Add same amount for USUB */
                stack.used += extra;
            }
            
          } /* if ... */

      } /* else ... */
    }

    expanders[type].size = new_len;
    *prev_len = new_len;
    if ( no_expand ) ++no_expand;
    
    return (void *) expanders[type].mem;
    
} /* sexpand */


/*
 * Compress the work[] array to remove fragmentation.
 */
void
sStackCompress(GlobalLU_t *Glu)
{
    register int iword, dword, ndim;
    char    *last, *fragment;
    int      *ifrom, *ito;
    float   *dfrom, *dto;
    int      *xlsub, *lsub, *xusub, *usub, *xlusup;
    float   *ucol, *lusup;
    
    iword = sizeof(int);
    dword = sizeof(float);
    ndim = Glu->n;

    xlsub  = Glu->xlsub;
    lsub   = Glu->lsub;
    xusub  = Glu->xusub;
    usub   = Glu->usub;
    xlusup = Glu->xlusup;
    ucol   = Glu->ucol;
    lusup  = Glu->lusup;
    
    dfrom = ucol;
    dto = (float *)((char*)lusup + xlusup[ndim] * dword);
    copy_mem_float(xusub[ndim], dfrom, dto);
    ucol = dto;

    ifrom = lsub;
    ito = (int *) ((char*)ucol + xusub[ndim] * iword);
    copy_mem_int(xlsub[ndim], ifrom, ito);
    lsub = ito;
    
    ifrom = usub;
    ito = (int *) ((char*)lsub + xlsub[ndim] * iword);
    copy_mem_int(xusub[ndim], ifrom, ito);
    usub = ito;
    
    last = (char*)usub + xusub[ndim] * iword;
    fragment = (char*) (((char*)stack.array + stack.top1) - last);
    stack.used -= (long int) fragment;
    stack.top1 -= (long int) fragment;

    Glu->ucol = ucol;
    Glu->lsub = lsub;
    Glu->usub = usub;
    
#ifdef DEBUG
    printf("sStackCompress: fragment %d\n", fragment);
    /* for (last = 0; last < ndim; ++last)
      print_lu_col("After compress:", last, 0);*/
#endif    
    
}

/*
 * Allocate storage for original matrix A
 */
void
sallocateA(int n, int nnz, float **a, int **asub, int **xa)
{
    *a    = (float *) floatMalloc(nnz);
    *asub = (int *) intMalloc(nnz);
    *xa   = (int *) intMalloc(n+1);
}


float *floatMalloc(int n)
{
    float *buf;
    buf = (float *) SUPERLU_MALLOC(n * sizeof(float)); 
    if ( !buf ) {
      ABORT("SUPERLU_MALLOC failed for buf in floatMalloc()\n");
    }
    return (buf);
}

float *floatCalloc(int n)
{
    float *buf;
    register int i;
    float zero = 0.0;
    buf = (float *) SUPERLU_MALLOC(n * sizeof(float));
    if ( !buf ) {
      ABORT("SUPERLU_MALLOC failed for buf in floatCalloc()\n");
    }
    for (i = 0; i < n; ++i) buf[i] = zero;
    return (buf);
}


int smemory_usage(const int nzlmax, const int nzumax, 
              const int nzlumax, const int n)
{
    register int iword, dword;

    iword   = sizeof(int);
    dword   = sizeof(float);
    
    return (10 * n * iword +
          nzlmax * iword + nzumax * (iword + dword) + nzlumax * dword);

}

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